National Geographic : 1900 Sep
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES WHILE with every other quarter of the world the export trade of the United States is increasing at a phenomenal rate, with South America it has remained almost stationary since 1890. In 1890 the United States sent goods to the value of $38,752,648 to that continent, but during the twelve months, July 1, 1899-June 30, 1900, the value of goods exported thither reached only $38,945,721-that is, in the last ten years the value of the export trade to South America has in creased less than half of one per cent; this, too, notwithstanding the good work of the Bureau of American Republics, founded in 1890 " for the prompt collection and distribution of commercial information concerning the Ameri can republics." The exports of the United States to the nations of Europe during 1899-1900 show an increase in value of 52 per cent over the exports of 1890, their value in the fiscal year just ended being $1,040,167,312, as against $683,736,397 in 1890. The export trade with Asiatic peoples has in the last ten years increased 229 per cent, being valued at $19,696,820 in 1890 and $64,913,984 in 1899.-1900, while the exports to Africa were $4,613,702 in 1890. and are now $19,469,109, an increase of 321 per cent. The four great facts in the foreign commerce of the United States for the year ending June 30, 1900, as summarized by Mr O. P. Austin, are : 1. The total commerce of the year surpassed by $317,729,250 that of any pre ceding year, and for the first time in the history of the United States exceeded two billion dollars. 2. The exports exceeded those of any preceding year, and were more widely distributed throughout the world than ever before. 3. Manufacturers' materials were more freely imported and formed a larger share of the total imports than ever before. 4. Manufactured articles were more freely exported and formed a much larger share of the total exports than in any year since the United States became a nation. Ir is a strange coincidence that the world's pro auction of gold during the last half of the nineteenth century should exceed the output during the first half intheratioof "16to1." In figures the production for the fifty years ending with 1899 was $6,596,832,000, as against $787,460,000 for the preceding fifty years. The production of gold during the last half of the nineteenth century was also more than double that during the 360 years following the discovery of the American continent, the total output from 1492 to 1850 being $3,159,230,000. In 1899, for the first time since the phenomenal production of the California mines in 1853, the amount of gold mined in the United States, including Alaska, exceeded the production of that record year. The gold mined in the United States last year was valued at $72,500,000, or seven and one half million dollars more than in 1853. THE comprehensive dictionary of the Natick (Indian) language of Massachu setts, on which the late James Hammond Trumbull spent many years of labor, is to be published by the Bureau of American Ethnology. With the exception of the famous Eliot Indian Bible, this is the most interesting and valuable record of the language of the Indians of New England.