National Geographic : 1900 Oct
THROUGH THE HEART OF AFRICA 2. Lecture tickets to be sold for the benefit of the Society, members to have such privileges of purchase as may be determined upon by the Board; the object of the lectures to be to diffuse geographic knowledge and to raise revenue for the Society to enable it to estab lish a permanent invested fund for the promotion of geographic research. 3. Create within the Society a special body of members to be known as Fellows, to be selected from the general membership of the Society for their special knowledge of matters relating to geographic science, and let the Fellows hold scientific meetings of their own to promote the advancement of geographic knowledge, the income of the research fund to be applied as directed by them. Respectfully submitted. ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL, President of the National GeographicSociety. THROUGH THE HEART OF AFRICA In the summer of 1898 two young Englishmen, Messrs E. S. Grogan and A. H. Sharp, left Capetown, bent on reaching Cairo by journeying through the heart of Africa. They said nothing of their project, for as no man had up to that time accomplished the feat there were doubts of their success, and, as Mr Grogan says, "failure is unpardonable." The journey as far as Zambezi was through territory comparatively well known and uneventful. Here their real forward movement began by steamer up the Shire River for 200 miles, then by road 100 more, where a second boat took them 500 miles to the northern end of Lake Nyassa. Then followed a second march on foot, this time of 200 miles, to the south end of Lake Tanganyika, and then by boat again 350 miles to the north end of the lake. The work of exploration began at this point. From here they advanced slowly and with toilsome marches. Mr E. S. Grogan, in The GeographicalJournal for August, gives an interesting account of their experiences. In the neighborhood of Lake Kivu he found evidences of a considerable de gree of civilization. The hills were terraced for cultivation, the villages and cultivated lands inclosed by hedges, and artificial reservoirs provided with side troughs for watering cattle. The people here, who "are a purely pastoral folk, breeding a long-horned cattle," were divided into two classes-the Watusi, the aristocrats, probably descendants of the great wave of invasion of Gallas that penetrated in remote ages as far as Lake Tanganyika, who do no work beyond milking and butter-making, and the Wahutu, the aborigines of the country, who are to all purposes mere slaves of the Watusi. "All the cattle belongs to the king absolutely, but was held in trust by his satraps, who again parceled it out among the minor Watusi."