National Geographic : 1900 Nov
THE MANILA OBSERVATORY The forewarning of this typhoon brought such honor to the obser vatory of Manila that its storm warnings have ever since been care fully heeded throughout the Philippine Archipelago. In the year 1880 telegraphic communication by cable was established between Manila and Hongkong, and this gave an even greater importance to the already very useful typhoon warnings of Manila. In the same year the announcements of various typhoons were sent from Manila to Hongkong, where their importance was fully appreciated and favorably commented upon in the papers of that colony, especially in the Hongkong Daily Press. Soon afterward the British government, informed of the great value of these storm warnings, established in Hongkong a government observatory, the principal object of which is to give timely notice whenever any typhoon threatens the colony. Various typhoons occurred during the succeeding years, and the warnings of the observatory concerning nearly every one of them proved to be correct. A new subscription was started in 1881 to pro vide the institution with still more and better instruments than it already possessed. From the subscription (910 Mexican dollars) two very fine instruments were obtained, namely, a Beckley anemograph and a standard barometer of Negretti. When the news reached the colony of Hongkong, there also a subscription was taken up and the money so obtained sent to the manager of the Manila newspaper El Comercio, and by him given to the observatory, where it was employed in the purchase of other valuable instruments for meteorological ob servation. Thus it is apparent that the appreciation of the Manila Observatory was as great in Hongkong as it was in Manila. Several articles in the newspapers of that colony, especially those of the Hong kong Daily Press dated October 5 and 12, spoke in very high terms of the work accomplished at Manila. The same paper stated that in the course of the year 1881 eight or nine typhoons were announced to Hongkong from Manila, and that every one of the warnings proved correct. We need not tarry in the description of these storms; a very inter esting study of them was made by Father Faura, whose work on this subject has been honorably mentioned by distinguished meteorolo gists. The same father published soon afterward another pamphlet on the characteristic signs of an approaching typhoon, entitled Sales Precursorasde Temporal en el Archipielago Filipino. It is well known throughout the islands, and is one of the most useful and popular papers on typhoons ever published.