National Geographic : 1900 Dec
THE FOREIGN TRADE OF GREAT BRITAIN Sumdum; island in Endicott arm of Holkham Bay, S. E. Alaska. (Not Sand nor Soundon.) Trots; hills, Nantucket, Mass. (Not Trott's.) Weweeder; ponds, Nantucket, Mass. (Not Weedweder nor Weeweder.) Whitley; township, Crawford County, Ark. (Not Whitney.) Wigwam; pond, Nantucket, Mass. (Not Toochka nor Toupchue.) SOME SIGNIFICANT FACTS CONCERNING THE FOREIGN TRADE OF GREAT BRITAIN Mr Michael G. Mulhall contributes to the June number of the Review of Re views for Australasiaan article on the subject of British trade, which presents some facts of far-reaching significance with great clearness and force. The article is summarized by the author in ten paragraphs, which are substantially as follows: 1. The weight of the merchandise annually imported into Great Britain has multiplied fivefold in forty years, averaging at present more than one ton yearly for each inhabitant. 2. More than half of the food supply of the United Kingdom is drawn from other countries, at an annual cost of about £5 ($24.33) per inhabitant. 3. The mean price of imported food is now only £12 10s. ($60.83) per ton, having fallen 20 per cent in the last twenty years. 4. Most of the imported food could be raised in England, but at much greater cost, to the detriment of the working classes. 5. The consumption of fiber in the mills of Great Britain has doubled in thirty years; and exceeds the aggregate consumption in France and Germany. 6. The importation of metals and minerals has grown elevenfold in thirty years, and the exports of hardware manufactures have doubled in value. 7. The consumption of manufactured goods imported from foreign countries has risen from 15s. ($3.65) per inhabitant in 1869 to 41s. ($9.98) in 1899. 8. The value of textile goods exported is less than it was thirty years ago, but the volume has risen 70 per cent. 9. The fall of prices has been a gain to Great Britain of at least £50,000,000 ($243,325,000) per annum. 10. The tendency of British trade points to a steady increase of food imports and of hardware exports. THE recent dredging of the Dniester has rendered the river navigable by barges for a distance of 70 miles from its mouth, thus greatly facilitating the Odessa grain trade. THE magnitude of the Norwegian fishing industry cannot be better illustrated than by the fact that, although the season of 1899 was one of the poorest on record, the catch included 34,500,000 cod and 136,600 tons of herring.