National Geographic : 1900 Dec
GOLD IN THE PHILIPPINES with pyrites of iron and copper, galena, and blende. I have seen a report in which it was stated that in a ledge near Canimon there had been found ore so rich that as high as 100 ounces of gold had been obtained from 75 feet of the vein. The productiveness of this Surigao district has been known for centuries, but for many reasons the extraction of gold has remained in the hands of the natives. Foreman says: "A friend of mine, a French merchant in Manila, told me, in 1886, that for a long time he received monthly remittances of 4 to 5 pounds of alluvial gold from the Surigao coast extracted by the natives on their own account. In the same district a Spaniard attempted to organize labor for gold, washing on sys tematic principles, but he met with such opposition from the friars, who in fluenced the natives, that he could only have continued his project at the risk ofhislife,sohegaveitup" Sir John Bowring also mentions the Mindanao gold production: t " Gold dust is the instrument of exchange in the interior of Mindanao, and is carried about in bags for the ordinary purposes of life." While I was in Manila in April last (1900) Mr G. E. St. Clair, a mining engineer and expert of considerable experience, returned from a trip to the southern islands. He said that from the result of his investigation he regarded the island of Mindanao as one of the richest countries he has ever visited, considered from a mineral stand point. Gold has also been found in the island of Panay. The most nota ble locations are those in the vicinity of Astorga, in the township of Dumarao, in the beds of the creeks known as Calaomin and Dinogo. In this neighborhood are found dioritic rock containing numerous small veins of gold-bearing iron pyrites, rich enough to pay for work ing. Deposits of gold exist in Binatusan and Lausam below Mantu bang; also in the country between the junction of the rivers Manyon and Badbaran with the river Panay. In the province of Iloilo the most noticeable gold deposits are those in the Abaca section of the township of San Curique and those in the township of Baratoc Viejo, in the northeast of the island, which are reported to be very rich. This description includes the best known gold-bearing localities; but indications in several other islands, such as Cebu, Mindoro, Mas bate, Negros, Palawan, and other smaller islands, are such as to lead to the belief that the metal will be found in them whenever they may * Op. cit., p. 382. t The Philippine Islands, by Sir John Bowring, London, 1859, p. 279.