National Geographic : 1900 Dec
GOLD IN THE PHILIPPINES gold obtained from different localities. In the island of Luzon there are few provinces in which gold does not exist in greater or less quantity, in veins and ledges in the mountains or in the river sands and alluvial deposits. One of the best known auriferous districts is that of Paracale, in the province of Camarines Norte, on the eastern coast of Luzon, where in the spurs of the mountains many veins and outcroppings of gold-bearing rock have been uncovered, particularly at Pinaga latinan, Imbongimbong, and Lugos, near Labo. In the former places the gold is in combination with iron pyrites, with a trace of copper, blende, galena, and chromate of lead in orange-colored crystals. In Labo the streaks or veins are gray in color, containing gold, blende, iron pyrites, and sometimes, although seldom, native copper. The general direction of these strata is from north to south, except in Gumihan and Lugos mountains, in which the trend is to the north west. The width of the veins is from 1 to 5 inches up to 26 to 36 inches. Foreman mentions this district as follows: * "In the time of Pedro Manuel Arandia (1754-1759) a certain Francisco Estorgo obtained license to work these Paracale mines, and five veins are said to have been struck. The first was in the Lipa mountain, where the mine was called 'San Nicolas de Tolentino ;' the second, in the Dob6jan mountain, was called 'Nuestra Senora de la Soledad de Puerta Vaga;' the third, in Lipara, was named 'Mina de las Animas;' the fourth, in the territory of San Antonio, took the name of ' San Francisco,' and the fifth, in the Minapa mountains, was named 'Nuestra Senora de los Dolores,' all in the district of Paracale, near the village of Mambulao." He also says :t " Estorgo's neighbors, instigated by native legal pettifoggers in Manila, raised endless lawsuits against him; his means were exhausted, and apparatus was wanted to work the mines, so he abandoned them." These mines are at present operated by the natives, but in such a rudimentary and desultory manner that only a small portion of the gold is saved. The workings are seldom carried to a greater depth than 3 or 4 meters, but it is a fact which promises better results, when ever more scientific and practical methods may be brought to bear on them, that the ore always becomes richer as the depth is increased; but in all the hundreds of years during which these deposits have been known it is safe to say that their true value has never been tested. The natives carry the ore to the surface in baskets, and when water * The Philippine Islands, by John Foreman, New York, 1899, p. 380 . t Op. cit., p. 381.