National Geographic : 1900 Dec
GOLD IN THE PHILIPPINES alike enthusiastic over the opportunities offered by this region for field-work in geology. While they returned to their various spheres of duty enriched with material for use in their future class-work, they all carried home with them that lasting benefit and stimulus which are derived from contact with the keen minds of those working along similar lines of research under more or less varying conditions. The courtesy of the Union Pacific Railroad Company will long be remembered by every member of the expedition. In many cases it made attendance possible where otherwise the expense of a long rail road journey would have been a difficulty that could not have been overcome. It is to be hoped that other railroad companies will fol low the example set by the Union Pacific and take some suitable opportunity of furthering the interests of science by facilitating re search in some region of geographic and geological interest. GOLD IN THE PHILIPPINES By F. F. HILDER, Bureau of American Ethnology In an article which I wrote for the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGA ZINE in 1898 * I referred to the existence of gold in the Philippine Islands in the following terms: "Gold has been found in several of the provinces, but chiefly in the more mountainous and inaccessible localities, many of which are occupied by inde pendent tribes that have never submitted to Spanish rule; but that the aurif erous formations extend over a wide area in the island of Luzon is proved by the fact that in the alluvial deposits of every stream on the Pacific side some color of gold can be found. The islands of Mindanao and Mindoro are also equally promising fields for prospectors of gold. In many places the natives have extracted considerable quantities of gold dust by washing the alluvial deposits; in others gold-bearing rock is broken by them with hammers and ground in rude mills, such crude methods, of course, producing but poor results." During the present year I have again visited the Philippines, and, although existing conditions were such that I could not personally visit the gold-bearing districts, I was enabled to obtain considerable information with respect to them from sources which I consider to be thoroughly reliable, and have inspected a number of samples of * National Geographic Magazine, vol. ix, No. 6, June, 1898.