National Geographic : 1901 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE of Guanica Bay and Mayaguez, and a small scale survey of that portion of the main mountain range visible from the south coast. The difficulties of the work may be imagined when it is stated that for several hours each day, for nearly three months and a half, it was necessary for the topographer and his aids to work in water almost waist deep. THE CENSUS OF INDIA. HE third general census of India will be taken on the night of March Ist. Ten years ago the population of India was about 287,000,000, but this census will probably show not more than 300,000,000, as the ravages of famine and cholera during the past decade have been great. In other words, the increase of population in India during 1891-1901 is estimated at about the same as the increase in the United States during the same period, though the latter had less than one-fourth as large a population as the former. The immensity of the task in volved in counting the people of India, one-fifth the population of the world, may be grasped by comparison with the im mense work of taking a census of the United States. Nearly a million men and boys will be employed as enumerators, clerks, etc. The well-known suspicion and reluctance of the Indian people to answer the questions of the census taker are gradually wearing away, and the Indian Government confidently hopes for good results from the census of 1901. LAKE TANGANYIKA. CONVINCING evidence of the shrinking up of Lake Tanganyika was presented in a paper recently read in Brussels by Captain Hecq. The post of Karema was built twenty years ago on the shores of the lake, but when Captain Hecq last visited the place, a few months ago, the waters had so receded that the post was fourteen miles distant from the lake. The slave-trade in the vicinity of Lake Kivu is dead. Domestic slavery, however, Captain Hecq states, still continues, but will soon disappear. A REPUBLIC IN CHURIA. MAN- AFLOURISHING little republic in Manchuria, it is asserted, has been discovered by the Russians. It lies along the upper reaches of the Sungari River, below Kirin, which is on the line of railway from Onon to Port Arthur. The Government, according to report, is properly organized with a Presi dent, Courts of Justice, Trade Guilds, tax collectors, and other officers of a State. It supports a small army, which last summer joined the Chinese forces to oppose the Russian advance, and fought with much valor. Probably the Republic was found ed seventy years ago. It now numbers about 100,000 and, oddly enough, has al ways been favored by the Imperial Gov ernment. ORGANIZATION OF FRENCH CONGO. BY a recent decree of the French Government a new administra tive province has been formed in North Central Africa, entitled " Territoire Militaire des pays et protectorats du Tchad." It includes the basins of the Kemo, a tributary of the Ubangi, and of the Shari, and also Wadai, Bagirmi, and Kanem, which by the Anglo-French agreement of 1899 were included in the French sphere of influence. The object of this organization is to enable France to cease sending military expeditions to this region. All the soldiers henceforth of this province will be natives, officered, of course, by Frenchmen.