National Geographic : 1901 Mar
GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE The Century Atlas of the World. Pre pared under the superintendence of Benjamin E. Smith. New York: The Century Co., 1899. $7.50. The Century Atlas, which was first published in 1897, and followed by a second edition in 1899, has doubtless been consulted at various times by every reader of this Magazine. A review or notice of the Atlas would now be super fluous. The publishers, however, have made such a generous proposition to the members of the National Geographic Society, and to the members of one or two other scientific bodies in the United States, that the great value of the work should again be emphasized. The Atlas was originally published as a separate volume to enable subscribers to the Century Dictionary to complete their sets. Of the edition a few hun dred copies remain. These the pub lishers have offered to members of the National Geographic Society at one-half the original price ($7.50 instead of $15). The Atlas will not be sold separately as soon as these copies are disposed of, and can then be obtained only by purchasing the entire set of o1 volumes that conm prise " The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia." The Atlas contains 117 double-page maps, 138 inset maps, and 43 histor ical and astronomical maps. There are nearly 200,000 references to places in the indexes. To each of the principal States two or three maps are allotted, showing all the rivers, lakes, and hills in great detail. Maps of the large cities with their environs are presented, and the harbors of great seaports are also clearly charted. In its foreign maps the Century Atlas excels, the maps of China and the Far East being especially valuable. Moore's Meteorological Almanac and Weather Guide. By Prof. Willis L. Moore, LL. D., Chief of United States Weather Bureau. With illustrations and 32 charts, pp. 128. Chicago and New York: Rand, McNally & Co., 190f. $0.25. Unlike the traditional almanac that is crammed with queer statements and queer dates, this little book is a reser voir of reliable information for " the farmer, the horticulturist, the shipper, the mariner, the merchant, the tourist, the health-seeker, and for those who wish to learn the art of weather fore casting." Perhaps the most interesting and valu able chapter is that on " the construc tion and the use of the weather map," which explains how an amateur, by consulting the government daily weather chart,can follow the track of storms, and with considerable accuracy forecast the weather. The difference between the cyclone and the tornado, terms usually used as synonymous, is emphasized in another chapter. " The cyclone is a horizontally revolving disk of air cover ing an area 1,ooo to 2,000 miles in diam eter, while the tornado is a revolving mass of air of only Ioo to i,ooo feet in diameter, and is simply an incident of the cyclone." Prof. Moore states,under the subject of " Protection against Frost," that, in his opinion, with ap proved appliances, the fruit districts of California and the orange groves of Florida could secure material protection against frost. Other instructive chap ters are : " Long-range Forecasts." " The Galveston Hurricane of 1900," " Loss of Life and Property by Light ning," "Weather Bureau Kites," and " Temperatures Injurious to Food Pro ducts."