National Geographic : 1901 Oct
GEOGRAPHIC NOTES AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS THE distribution of the agricultural exports of the United States for the years 1896 to 1900 are given in a recent report of Frank H. Hitchcock, Chief of the Division of Foreign Markets of the Department of Agriculture. The figures show that during the year 1900 there were twelve countries to each of which the United States exported over $1o,ooo,ooo worth of domestic farm produce. A total of $408,000,000 was purchased by the United Kingdom,while Germany bought $134,000,000 worth. The agricultural exports of the country to the United Kingdom during the year were the greatest on record, excepting those of the year 1898, when a total value of $439,000,000 was reached. In regard to Germany, the exports show an in crease of about ioo per cent in the five year period. Following the countries above named come others in the posi tions indicated : The Netherlands, $52,000,000; these figures being exceeded only in 1899 by less than $1,000,000; France, $45,000, ooo; Belgium, $33,000,000, as against $31,000,000 in 1896 to France and $18, 000,000 to Belgium during the same year ; Italy, $24,000,000; Canada, $21, 000,000; Japan, over $15,oo00,000; Den mark, nearly $15,ooo,ooo; Cuba, $14, 000,000, as against $4,000,000 in 1896; Spain, $10,5oo,ooo, as against a trifle less than $io,ooo,ooo in 1896; British Africa, $10,300,000. Exports ranging in value from $5,515,000 down went to more than a dozen different countries. The total exports of domestic farm products to Cuba, Porto Rico, Hawaii, and the Philippines in the year 1900 attained an aggregate value of over $20,000,000, an increase of some 300 per cent over the year 1896. In the case of South America, however, the total showed a decline. A very striking gain was made on the Asiatic Continent, where the exports in value rose from $5,735,ooo00 in 1896 to $9,452,000 in 1900. Traffic on the Suez Canal.-Only two of the nations having any commercial marine had a lower record than the United States in the amount of shipping passing through the Suez Canal last year. The United States stood twelfth on the list of nations, with only .6 of i per cent of the shipping passing through the canal, and the two nations below that were Turkey, with .3 of I per cent, and Belgium, at . of i per cent. Even nations like Japan, Italy, Spain, Denmark, and Norway exceeded our record, while Great Britain had 56.7 per cent, and Germany 15 per cent. No News of Captain Sverdrup and the Fram is brought back by the Peary re lief ship Erik. At Disco Inspector Jan sen and Governor Neilson reported that in March, 1901, a steamer was seen far off the shore, in Davis Straits, heading northward, which might have been the Fram. Peary's failure to meet her or discover any trace of her work in his Greenland coast journeys lends color to the generally accepted theory that, find ing a high northern latitude impracti cable, she has attempted the upper Jones Sound and the little known lands and waters to the westward. The Expedition sent out by the Duke of Abruzzi to search for the three lost members of his Polar expedition has re turned without finding any traces of the missing men. The southern coast of Franz Josef Land having been explored without avail, the memorial to the three men arranged for by the Duke was erected on Cape Flora. Dr. Robert Stein, who embarked at Etah in the Windward about the time of the sailing of the Peary party, has reported the safe arrival of that vessel at Brigus, Newfoundland. Erratum.-Page 326, first column, line io, instead of Gerhard " Kaufmann " read Gerhard Kremer.