National Geographic : 1901 Dec
432 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE monuments; the running of the line southward from the north end 156 miles and erection of 23 monuments, leaving 130 miles between unsurveyed and un marked. SURVEY OF THE NORTHERN BOUND ARY In the following season Clark began work on the i ooth meridian, where it crosses the Canadian, and accepting, as directed, the monuments set there by Jones and Brown in 1859 to mark the i ooth meridian, prolonged the line north ward to latitude 360 30', and there built a monument (A) to mark the northeast corner of the panhandle. To check this position he prolonged this iooth me ridian northward about 35 miles, to the 3 7th parallel, and found that the longi tude of the northeast corner of Texas on the iooth meridian, according to Jones and Brown, was about 1,700 feet east of the Iooth meridian, according to his own determinations on the 3 7th paral lel in 1857. He then ran west on the parallel of 360 30' till forced to leave the line for water. Then he went to the west end and surveyed east till he reached the point where the earlier work ended, thus finishing it. He then disbanded, re turned to Washington, and proceeded to work up the results, draw the maps, and make final report. The great war cloud was then hanging over Washing ton ; there was great impatience to close up this work; there appears to have been friction over seeming slowness in finishing up. Accordingly the work was abruptly stopped, unfinished, in January, 1862. So it remained for 20 years. In January, 1882, the Senate by resolution called for Clark's report. The result is a document of 309 pages of field-notes, correspondence, maps, etc., which, while giving much infor mation, leaves much to be desired. DISAPPEARANCE OF MONUMENTS SET BY CLARK On March 3, 1891, Congress confirmed Clark's survey of the io3d meridian and of the parallels of 32° and 36° 30'. Of the 26 monuments set by Clark on the Io3d meridian, only two have been re ported to the GeneralLand Office. These are on the banks of the Canadian River. The surveyors, Taylor and Fuss, who connected the public land surveys of New Mexico with these monuments, recognized them as boundary monu ments, but made no determination of their longitude. The initial monument at the north west corner of Texas has been sought for by subsequent surveyors but without success. Mr. John J. Major sought for it in 1874, failed to find it, and "reestab lished" it, setting a new one, which there is excellent reason for believing is more than two miles west of the Clark monument. Mr. Richard O. Chaney, in 1881, set another monument at the theo retical northwest corner of Texas, and this without finding either Clark's or Major's monument. Based upon these and other surveys not here mentioned, the Land Office has concluded that Clark's io3d meridian was laid down between 2 and 3 miles west of its true position, and it is so shown on the Land Office map of New Mexico, 1896. After examining with some care the informa tion on the subject now available, I am of opinion that this conclusion is not sustained by the evidence, and that until the longitude of some monument set by Clark has been telegraphically de termined the boundary line should be shown on maps as coincident with the io 3 d meridian. It is very desirable that this boundary be resurveyed, old monuments restored, and additional ones erected, before the discovery of oil or mineral shall provoke a boundary dispute.