National Geographic : 1902 Nov
404 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE weed." When the word first appeared the country was inhabited by a tribe of Miamis, in whose dialect the word for skunk was ' se-kaw-kwaw." It is said that the wild cat, or skunk, was named from the plant. Coney ; island at the extremity of Long Island, New York, which is said by some to have been so named because of the numbers of rabbits there. Another theory ascribes it to the winds having driven the sand into truncated cones. It appears, however, to have been orig inally called Congu, which may suggest another derivation. Chesapeake; bay in Maryland which gives name to several places in the country. An Indian name variously ex plained. Heckewelder says it is cor rupted from Tschischwapeki, which is compounded of kitshi, " highly salted," and peek, " a body of standing water, a pond, a bay." Others give che, "great," and sepi, " waters." Bos man interprets it as " mother of waters."' W. W. Tooker says that the early form was Chesepiooc, from k'che-sepi-ack, " country on a great river." California; one of the states of the Union. This name was applied by Cor tez to the bay and country, which he supposed to be an island. The name is that of an island in an old Spanish ro mance, where a great abundance of precious stones were found. Eight post-offices bear this name. Canada ; villages in Marion County, Kansas; Pike County, Kentucky, and Muskegon County, Michigan, named from the Dominion of Canada. Author ities differ as to the derivation of this name. Father Hennepin says the Span iards were the original discoverers of the country, but upon landing they were disappointed in the general ap pearance, and expressed their feelings by saying, " I1 capa di nada," " Cape Nothing." Sir John Barlow says the Portuguese, who first ascended the St. Lawrence, believing it to be a passage to the Indian Sea, expressed their dis appointment when they discovered their mistake by saying " Canada," " Noth ing here." This the natives are said to have remembered and repeated to the Europeans who arrived later, who thought it must be the name of the country. Dr Shea says the Spanish derivation is fictitious. Some think it was named for the first man to plant a colony of French in the country, Mon sieur Cana. Charlevoix says the word originated with the Iroquois Indians, Kanata, or Kanada, "a collection of huts, a village, a town," which the early explorers mistook for the name of the country. Other etymologies pro pose the two Indian words, Kan, "a mouth," and ada, " a country ; " hence " the mouth of the country," originally applied to the mouth of the St. Law rence. There is a respectable authority that the name was first applied to the river. Lescarbot tells us that the Gas perians and Indians who dwelt on the borders of the Bay of Chaleur called themselves Canadaquea ; that the word meant " province or country." Sweet ser says that the word came from the Indian Caughnawaugh, "the village of the rapids." Brant, the Indian chief tain, who translated the gospel into his own language, used the word canada for " village." Chi ata u q uia county in Kansas ; county, lake, and town in New York. An Indian word which has been the sub ject of much controversy. Webster says it is a corruption of a word which means "foggy place." Another derivation gives the meaning as " bag tied in the middle," referring to the shape of the lake. It is also said to mean " place where a child was washed away." Dr Peter Wilson, an educated Seneca, says it is literally " where the fish was taken out." Other meanings given are " place of easy death," " place where one was lost." Brandywine; creek in Pennsylvania.