National Geographic : 1902 Dec
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC SOCIETY ANNOUNCEMENTS REGULAR MEETINGS : December 5.- " The Work of the Weather Bureau." Dr Willis L. Moore. December 19.- "The Work of the Signal Office, War Department." Gen. A. W. Greely. January 2.- Annual meeting. Reports and elections. January 16.- "The Work of the Hydro graphic Office, Navy Department." Conm mander W. H. H. Southerland. January 30.-"The Work of the Office of Experiment Stations, Agricultural Depart ment." Dr A. C True. February 13.- "The Work of the Census Office." Hon. William R. Merriam. February 27. -" The Work of the Naval Ob servatory." Capt. Charles H. Davis. March 13. - " The Work of the Geological Survey." Hon. Charles D. Walcott. March 27.-"The Work of the Library of Congress." Hon. Herbert Putnam. POPULAR LECTURES: December 12. -"Argentina-Present and Fu ture." E, L. Corthell, C.E. (Illustrated.) January 9.- " The Turk and His Rebellious Subjects." Mr William E. Curtis. (Illus trate(l.) January 23.-" The Tragedy of St Pierre." Mr George Kennan. (Illustrated.) Provisional arrangements have also been made for lectures on Colombia and the Istli nmian Canal; America Before the Advent of Man ; The Geographic Distribution of Insanity in the United States; Russia of Today (by Paul du Chaillu), and a lecture by Mr John Muir. The Lenten Course of five lectures will be delivered in Columbia Theater, F street, near Twelfth, at 4.20 o'clock, on Wednesday after noons of February II, 18, 25, and March 4, Ir. The subject of this course and the speakers assigned for the special topics will be an nounced in a later program. November 7, 1902.- The first regular meeting of the Society for the year 1902-1903 was held in the Assembly Hall of the Cosmos Club at 8 o'clock p. m ., Acting President W J McGee, LL. D., in the chair. Hon. William F. Wil loughby, Treasurer of Porto Rico, delivered an address on ''Some of the Administrative and Industrial Problems of Porto Rico." An abstract of the address follows : In assuming the responsibility of the gov ernment of Porto Rico the American author ities found themselves confronted with two distinct but yet related tasks: (I) To endow the newly acquired possession with political institutions and systems of law at once con forming to American ideals of individual lib erty and political justice and yet adapted to the peculiar local conditions existing and the character of the inhabitants, and (2) to bring about a developmentofthe industrial resource s of the island. The general policy of the United States has been (I) to administer the island solely with a view to its own interest, and in no way as a source of revenue to the federal treasury, and (2) to endow tie island with the largest neas ure of local self-government that it is fitted to enjoy. In carrying out the first part of this policy not the slightest effort has been made by the United States to recoup itself for expenditures incurred during the war resulting in the an nexation of the dependencies nor the expense subsequently incurred for their administration and development while under military govern ment ; but it has been provided that in the future, or for an indefinite time to come, all receipts in the way of customs duties or excise taxes collected in the island shall be turued into the insular treasury instead of the federal treasury. In consequence of this provision, the island enjoys an enormous advantage over what it would have were it a state or organized territory of the Union. Over two-thirds of the revenue of the island of Porto Rico is ob tained from these two sources of excise taxes and customs duties, which in the United States would be covered into the general treasury. While thus foregoing the receipt of any reve nue from the island, the United States not only exercises a general care of Porto Rican interests in the way of military and naval pro tection, but performs at its own expense such industrial and commercial services as the maintenance of light-houses and harbor buoys, a marine hospital service, a weather bureau, etc., and has also recently established an agri cultural experiment station on the island, and contemplates conducting very important ex periments and investigations for the develop nent of the agricultural resources.