National Geographic : 1902 Dec
GEOGRAPHIC Artificial Respiration"' which is gener ally used throughout the world for re suscitating persons seemingly drowned. The East of Today and Tomorrow. By Bishop Henry C. Potter. New York : The Century Co. 1902. $1.oo net. In this little volume Bishop Potter presents some of his impressions of the Far East, which he visited after the Boxer uprising had been crushed, He believes that China is at last awakening from her torpor, and, recognizing her deficiencies, is reaching out to Japan for help and guidance in correcting them. Bishop Potter's broad and humane view of the Chinaman is the best feature of a book which in other respects contains very little that is new. The Chinaman speaks extravagantly; the westerner speaks directly. Because the westerner does not find the words of the China man fulfilled literally is no reason, says Bishop Potter, for calling all Chinamen liars. Report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year ending June 30, 1901. Illustrated. Pp. 782. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1902. The first part of this annual includes the proceedings of the Board of Regents, the report of the Executive Committee of the Board, and the administrative re ports of the Secretary and of the heads of the scientific bureaus under the Smith sonian. The great bulk of the volume, practically four-fifths, is devoted to the general appendix, in which are pre sented a series of popularly written articles summarizing scientific progress in various lines during the year. Among the articles of a geographic interest may be mentioned: " Forest Destruction," by Gifford Pinchot and C. Hart Mer riam, who emphasize the almost certain annihilation of the fauna and flora which follows the disappearance of the forest ; "The Abbott Collection from the Andaman Islands," by Lieut W. E. Safford, an interesting description of LITERATURE 465 an island people who from earliest times have been considered one of the most savage races in existence and whom Dr Abbott declared the "very blackest people I have ever seen; " " Irrigation," by F. H. Newell; "A Fire Walk Cere mony in Tahiti," by S. P. Langley (portions of this paper appeared in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE of December, 1901); " The Wanderings of the Water Buffalo; " "The Dinosaurs or Terrible Lizards," by F. A. Lucas, and " Bogoslof Volcanoes," by C. Hart Merriam. Some of the papers are re prints, while others were written spe cially for the report. Annals of Switzerland. By Julia M. Colton. Illustrated. Pp. 301. New York: A. S. Barnes & Co. 1897. Republished 1902. The author aims to present a "'brief consecutive narrative of the struggles, progress, and attainments of a race of freemen." Miss Colton pays proper deference to the traditions which " be long as truly to the land as do its gla ciers and avalanches," and which in the telling have stirred and ennobled the ambitions of generations on generations of the people. Forestry in Minnesota. By Samuel B. Green. Illustrated. Pp. 401. Pub lished by the Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota. 1902. 37c. postpaid. This volume is a second and enlarged edition of an admirable work first pub lished in 1898. It has been used with success as a text-book in many agricul tural colleges and normal schools in the United States. The first half of the book Dr Green devotes to " Elementary For estry," including chapters on "Tree Planting," " Nursery Practice," " For est Protection," " Wood and its Uses," and " Forest Economics." The second half is a description of the " Trees of Minnesota," concluding with a list of the forest trees of the United States.