National Geographic : 1902 Dec
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE 462 " My residence was destroyed, and out of 112 laborers employed on the plantation all but seven perished. The seven who escaped happened to be visit ing a farm eight miles farther from the volcano that day, and when they saw the danger took refuge with a lot of others in a cave. My family was in Guatemala City, and therefore escaped. "On the trip to my plantation I passed a number of other large coffee plantations which had shared the same fate as my own. The scene along the route was frightful. The dead bodies of Indians and animals, who had been suffocated by the deadly fumes, were visible everywhere, and the stench was awful. I passed through one In dian village where over 350 had per ished. All of the bodies had their hands to their nostrils, showing plainly what caused death. The damage to the country is beyond repair. " Two new craters had been formed in the mountain side, and were in erup tion at last accounts." EXPLORATIONS AROUND MOUNT McKINLEY T HE Brooks Alaskan expedition of 1902 fulfilled in the main the pro gram of work in the Mount McKinley region outlined by Mr Brooks in the April number of this Magazine, p. 134. Eight hundred miles were traversed, probably the longest journey with a pack train ever made in Alaska. An instrumental survey was made through out by Mr Raeburn and his observa tions made to connect with his surveys in 1901 beyond the Yukon. Thus in the two years' work a belt has been sur veyed from Cook Inlet to the Arctic Ocean, a distance of 2,000 miles, and a record for reconnaissance work in Alaska. Evidences of glaciation were found everywhere from Cook Inlet to Tanana up to altitudes of 4,000 or 5,000 feet. Dr Brooks reports the Mount McKinley region probably the best game country in the world. Deer, caribou, bear, and birds were constantly in sight, and so tame that they could knock them with a stick. As elsewhere in Alaska, the mosquitoes incessantly attacked them in clouds, except for four or five hours at night time, from o1 to 3, when the party obtained some rest. The remarkable magnetic disturbance which attended the eruption of Mont Pelee on May 8, 1902, and which was noted in the June, 1902, number of this magazine, page 208, was recorded at practically all the magnetic observatories throughout the world. This extended magnetic disturbance is something en tirely new in our history of volcanic action, as no magnetic disturbance has previously been noted and recorded as at tending a volcanic outburst. The data and observations recorded in May, 1902, at the various magnetic stations in the world have been collected by the Mag netic Division of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. A study of these ob servations is now being made by the Survey under the direction of Dr L. A. Bauer, and in due time an announce ment of the results will be made. Dr Walter Reed, who freed Cuba of yellow fever, which had scourged the island for centuries, died at his home, in Washington, D. C ., November 23, 1902. By his discovery that the yellow-fever germ is carried by mosquitoes, he has made the northern tropics habitable in a true sense. The importance of his discovery is considered second only to Jenner's discovery of vaccination. Dr Reed had only reached his fifty-second year, but he had the satisfaction of knowing that, as a result of his study and efforts, not a single case of yellow fever had occurred in Habana during the last year of his life.