National Geographic : 1902 Dec
THE COPYRIGHT OF A MAP OR CHART BY WILLIAM ALEXANDER MILLER, AUTHOR OF "COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR PHOTOGRAPHS" W HEN our forefathers were assembled in the second session of the First Congress on the last day of May, 1790, and decided to pass a copy You think how good a life right law, the first article that they mentioned to be you will lead, and you map protected was a " map." Then in that act followed out great purposes. -/ . iMar- the words " chart, book, or books." vel, Dram L ife. By giving maps the preference, first mention in the law, now seems but to emphasize the fact of the greatest need of the country at that time in such productions. There was a dearth of maps, and prior to the Undoubtedly, Miletus was passage of the statute mentioned positively no encour the birthplace of cartography. agement to draftsmen and cartographers. The science -Von Ranke. , , , , , i ,, , - o'z hRank. of chartology was almost unknown and but little prac ticed in America previous to the advent of the copyright law. What meager accomplishments there were in those lines were generally performed by foreigners. Every ship that comes to Our country was at sea, without a chart. There had America got its chart from been much plotting against the British, but scarcely Columbus.-Enzerson. none in the making of maps. The law of 1790 was the first of our copyright acts, and secured protection to authors and proprietors for their productions for a period of fourteen years, with an extension for fourteen more. Thus the longest Language has been called a . map of the science and man- possible term of a copyright was twenty-eight years (a ners of the people who speak term copied from the provisions of the old English it.-l/ax AMiiler. law). Our law-makers have since very wisely extended the life of a copyright, so that now the original is granted for a period of twenty-eight years and with provisions for a renewal for fourteen years additional. It is among the Egyptians that we find the earliest recorded examples of cartographic representation. Apollonius of Rhodes (b. 230 B. C.) reports in his Argonautica that the Egyptians of Colchis, a colony dating from the time of Rameses II, had pre served as heirlooms certain wooden tablets on which land and sea, roads and highways, were accurately indicated.- Encyclo predia Britannica. BENEFICENT EFFECT OF THE LAW The results expected to be attained by the framers of our law for the encour agement of map-makers have been far beyond any of Thus in his cheek the map of days outworn. Shakes-their reasonable anticipations, until at the present of days outworn. - S/akes peare. time the United States of America is leading the world in the productions of this wonderful art, one so useful to mankind. The quality of our product is of the very finest.