National Geographic : 1903 Jan
122 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE the bad shades to hide the beautiful, or the beautiful the bad, represents loyalty; the defects under the surface, yet ap parent, represent sincerity ; its luster, like that of the rainbow, represents the firmament; its wonderful material, ex tracted from the mountains and waters, represents the earth; cut into Kuei or Chu, without other embellishment, it symbolizes virtue, and the price at which all the world values it symbolizes truth."' This passion for jade, the classic or poetic color of which is white in China, causes Chinese writers to use the word figuratively whenever they wish to in- dicate anything very white, very pure, or very perfect. In the language of compliment no word of praise rises above that which likens beauty to jade, and the loftiest thought, as well as the highest morality, are compared to it. References are constantly made to it in poetry, as in the Emperor Kien-lung's verse " While the waning moon in the westward hangs like an orb of jade." The most ancient of the Chinese clas sical books, the Shu King, or Book of Historical Documents, relating to the period B. C. 2357 to 627, mentions jade Scale of miles 0 70 40 60 80 100 Preliminary Survey Map of the Khotan Valley, Site of the Chinese Jade Mines. Dr M. A. Stein, H. M. Indian Educational Service. Printed by Courtesy of Dr. M. A. Stein and Royal Geographical Society, London.