National Geographic : 1903 Feb
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY The proceedings of the Society during De cember, 1902, and January, 1903, will be pub lished in the March number. REGULAR MEETINGS. February 13.-"The Work of the Census Office." Hon. William R. Merriam. February 27.-" The Work of the Naval Ob servatory." Capt. Charles H. Davis. March 13.-" The Work of the Geological Survey." Hon. Charles D. Walcott. March 27.- " The Work of the Library of Congress." Hon. Herbert Putnam. This is the last meeting of the season. POPULAR LECTURES. February 6. -"From Paris to New York Overland." Mr Harry de Windt. (Illus trated ) This is the account of a remarkable journey of 18,ooo miles by land from Paris to New York via Bering Strait. February 21.* -" Tropical Development, a Temperate Zone Problem." Hon. O. P. Aus tin. (Illustrated.) March 6. - " The Geographic Distribution of Insanity in the United States." DrW.A. White, Director of the Binghamton State Hospital, New York. March 20.- (The last lecture of the season.) " Captain John Smith and Old Virginia." Mr W. W . Ellsworth, of the Century Company. Illustrated.) As Mr Paul du Chaillu has not yet returned from Russia and will probably not return for some months, contrary to his original plans, his lecture before the society on " Russia of Today " has been postponed until next winter. THE AFTERNOON COURSE OF LECTURES. IN COLUMBIA THEATRE AT 4.20 P. M . The general subject of the course is "The United States." During recent years our country has been advancing by leaps and bounds, until today it is the most wealthy of nations. New York is now practically the financial center of the world. American capi talists have within the last four years floated loans for Mexico, Germany, England, and Russia, and I ave placed hundreds of millions of dollars in investments abroad. The ques tion now in every mind is, What elements in the United States have helped us to earn this tremendous national wealth and power and have won for us commercial supremacy in the markets of the world? To partially answer this question is the aim of the present series of five lectures. In other words, the subject of the course is "The Basis of the Wealth and Power of the United States." Diagrams and illustrations will be used very freely, but statistics and tables will be avoided as far as possible. The lecture committee de sire to have the subject treated in a popular way rather than from a statistical or technical point of view. * Please note that this is Saturday. I. "Lands and Waters." The first lecture in the series will treat of the unexcelled natu ral features of the United States-our deep, secure harbors on the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pa cific seaboards, our great rivers which pene trate into the heart of the country, our vast fertile plains and lofty mountains, in which are buried untold mineral wealth, and our in land lakes, all seemingly ranged in most for tunate conjunction to mutually help each other, and the elements and routes of com merce. Lecturer, Mr Cyrus C. Adams, the noted writer and lecturer on geographical themes. February io, 1903. 2. "The Soil and its Products." The sec ond lecture will deal more particularly with the land and the products of the land-agri culture. Twenty billions of dollars are in vested in the agricultural interests of the United States. We raise annually two billion bushels of corn and reap every year a larger crop of wheat than the combined wheat crops of Argentina and Russia. In 1901 the United States sent nearly one billion dollars' worth of food-wheat, pork, beef, etc.- to the people of Europe. We are literally the storehouse of Europe. Lecturer, Secretary of Agriculture, Hon. James Wilson. February 18, 1903. 3. "The Industries." The third lecture will treat of the industrial wealth of the United States. The value of our manufactures exceed that of any other nation. In the manufacture of steel we lead the world, and in cotton and woolen fabrics we are eclipsed by no one. Our railways-two hundred thousand miles of them-penetrate to every corner of the country, binding the whole nation into one compact unit. Our telegraph and telephone systems enable men to communicate instantaneously though thousands of miles apart. Lecturer, Hon. O. P. Austin, Chief of Bureau of Statis tics, Treasury Department. February 25, 1903. .4. "Mines and Mining." The fourth lecture will treat of the mineral wealth of the United States. During each of the last three years we have produced more coal than England; in 1902 we produced more than one-half of the refined petroleum ; more than one-third of the world's production of iron ore in 1902 was ob tained from the United States mines; three fifths of the copper output for the same year came from the United States. Lecturer, Mr. Charles Kirchoff, editor of The Iron Age. March 4, 1903. 5. "The Men Who Make the Nation." The fifth and last lecture will treat of the people of the United States. The mingling of races and peculiar conditions have bred a distinct and original people, who mould the gifts of na ture to their will. The inventive genius of the American has enabled him to increase many times the resources nature has given him. The typical American has not yet been bred, but we may prophesy what he will be and what place he will hold in the world. Lecturer, W J McGee, LL. D., Vice-President National Geographic Society. March 11, 1903.