National Geographic : 1903 May
GEOGRAPH seaboard. It is claimed that this saving alone will much more than pay the total interest upon the cost of the road's construction. " It is admitted on every hand that the terminal seaports of the Trans Canada leave nothing to be desired. The harbor of Port Simpson is said to be the finest on the Pacific coast north of San Francisco. It has the a iditional advantage of being much nearer to Yokohama than either Vancouver or San Francisco. Nottaway, on James Bay, which is to be reached by a branch of the main line, is the only deep-water harbor on the bay, and with some dredging might be used by vessels drawing thirty feet of water. The coast line of James and Hudson Bays, tributary to this railway, will be about four thousand miles. Chicoutimi, on the Saguenay, can be reached by vessels of any draught, and Quebec has mag nificent docks, which have cost the government millions of dollars, with deep-water berth and elevator facilities for steamers of any draught. The new bridge now building over the St Law rence, at Quebec, will enable the Trans Canada road to make use of St John and Halifax for winter ports if ever those of Quebec and Chicoutimi should be blocked by ice." EXPEDITION TO TURKESTAN DR RAPHAEL PUMPELLY is on his way to Turkestan on a most important scientific mission. His jour ney is for the purpose of looking over the ground in Turkestan with reference to a combined physico-geographical and archaeological exploration, if such fur ther work should be found to be prom ising as to results and practicable as regards execution. It has been his wish to see this done for forty years, and the results obtained by Russian surveys in recent years in connection with some parts of the prob- IC NOTES 215 lem have strengthened his belief that the region offers a field of the greatest interest in connection with the relation between the growth and changes-so cial, economic, and ethnological-of nations and measurable changes in their environment. The journey is made under the aus pices of the Carnegie Institution. Prof. W. M. Davis, of Harvard, will have charge of the physical geographical part of the problem and will meet him on the Caspian early in May. In the meantime Dr Pumpelly has gone to St Petersburg to obtain the permission of the Russian Government, on whose willingness and sympathy all depends. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY THE Survey has begun an experi ment which will doubtless prove of great practical service to the mining interests of the country. Heretofore the explorations of the geologists of the Sur vey have not been available until one to two years after the explorations were made. To prepare and to publish the complete report of a season's work takes considerable time. By the new arrange ment such results of the season's work as have direct economic importance are to be published at once in advance of the purely scientific investigations. This plan has been begun by the publication of a bulletin (No. 213) which summa rizes the work of economic character done in 1902. The bulletin, says Dr C. Willard Hayes in the preface, "is designed to meet the wants of the busy man, and is so condensed that he will be able to obtain results and reach con clusions with a minimum expenditure of time and energy. It also affords a better idea of the work which the Sur vey as an organization is carrying on for the direct advancement of mining interests throughout the country than can readily be obtained from the more voluminous reports."