National Geographic : 1903 Sep
THE HARDY CATALPA 349 From Wm. L. Hall, U. S. Department of Agriculture Posts from the Planting of 1890, Yaggy Plantation Bureau of Forestry has made a special study of the Hardy Catalpa, and re cently published an interesting little book describing the tree, by Mr Wil liam L. Hall. The following para graphs are an abstract of the report : * Forest planting on the prairies west of the Mississippi River began with the earliest settlers. To plant trees for pro tection from sun and wind seemed one of the first and most important things to be done, and with the building of a house and the breaking up of a garden patch it formed a part of the settler's first summer's work. Each year there after, as time and means permitted, the plantation was increased. Scarcely a decade passed before extensive groves for the general purposes of shelter and ornament appeared on almost every farm. The success of these proved that *The Hardy Catalpa By William L. Hall, Superintendent of Tree Planting. With 30 full-page plates. Bureau of Forestry, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bulletin No. 37. the want of the natural forest could in part be supplied by planted timber. The growing of forest trees for other farm needs, such as fuel, posts, and poles, was also practiced by many set tlers, for the prices of these materials were extremely high in the districts far from the natural forest. The idea of growing posts and poles to sell, how ever, did not meet with approval for a number of years. It was too long an investment to be attractive in a country just settled. About twenty-five years ago a few men, impressed with the pre vailing high prices of such materials and believing it possible to produce them in plantations within fifteen or twenty years, began to plant timber as an in vestment. Their example encouraged others to plant for the same purpose, and as a result of the work there are now in the Middle West quite a large number of commercial plantations, in some of which the marketing of products has already begun.