National Geographic : 1904 Jan
THEU.S.WE of the great floods of March, April, and June, 1903, afford noteworthy examples of the efficiency of this service. This should be extended to the Kansas and other rivers, where no stations have yet been established. DISTRIBUTION OF FORECASTS AND SPECIAL WARNINGS Inadequate appropriations have pre vented any extensions in the important work of distributing forecasts and spe cial warnings, and of necessity our efforts have been confined to maintaining the service already in operation, with its various ramifications, and adopting such suggested improvements as might be effected without additional expense. A marked increase (nearly 20,000) is shown in the number of places receiving forecasts by telephone without expense to the Government of the United States, and with the rapid extension of " farm ers' telephone lines " opportunity is afforded for placing weather informa tion directly in the homes of the more progressive agriculturists, as well as in the telephone exchanges of rural centers of population, where it is posted for the general information of the public. The National Climate and Crop Bul letin has been issued in the usual form, with charts showing the current tem perature and precipitation, extremes of temperatures, and the departures from the normal of both temperature and precipitation. In this bulletin the cur rent meteorological conditions are dis cussed in their relation to crop growth Cotton for England-The desperate ef forts England is making to grow cotton in her colonies in Africa, India, Ceylon, and Australia are described at length by the United States consul to Liver pool, James Boyle (Consular Reports, November 20, 1903, No. 1806). The recent cornering of American cotton ATHER BUREAU 39 from the beginning to the end of the crop season. EDUCATIONAL WORK The Weather Bureau has, through its officials at the various stations throughout the country, taken an active part in public education along meteor ological lines. In 12 colleges or uni versities during the past year Weather Bureau officials have conducted regular courses of lectures or classes of instruc tion in meteorology and climatology, and at 5 of these institutions the official is a member of the faculty. At 16 sta tions the officials have delivered occa sional addresses outside of their offices to schools or colleges, and at 28 stations they have given frequent talks in their offices to pupils and teachers of schools. In 14 instances they have delivered oc casional addresses outside of their offices to farmers' institutes and similar organ izations. Only a few years ago there was very little instruction of this nature given in our colleges, universities, or public schools, but the demand for it has rapidly increased. The action of the Bureau in this direction will un doubtedly result in a wider knowledge and a more intelligent understanding of its work, and a consequent increase in its usefulness and value. Many of the young men who receive instruction in these classes are attracted to the service of the Bureau as an occupation, and the Bureau profits by securing a class of employes with special training and equipment. has caused great distress in England and has made English cotton manufact urers acutely realize what will happen to them in a few years when the United States uses all the American crop. Their only hope is the possibility of the British colonies being able to supply them with cotton.