National Geographic : 1904 Jan
THE RECLAMATION OF THE WEST No. 7. Map showing Approximate Location and Extent of Open Range in the United States " The stock raising or grazing industry will always occupy 8o or 90 per cent of the arid lands of the West" of dealing with water, men may be good citizens, but they can not be im plicitly trusted when it comes to the question of water distribution. In Idaho they have the term " winter friendship." During the summer every man is at war with his neighbor over the division of water, but in the winter these troubles are forgotten and every one is on friendly terms. Sum mer is the time of storm and strife. So, in everything having to do with water, engineers must have not only knowledge but good sense, tact, and firmness. To deal with the interests which are coming up in the distribution of water and the reclamation of land, it is neces sary to organize the people into associa tions. These associations under the law must ultimately control and operate the works ; through them the Secretary of the Interior can deal directly with a body of people, and they can divide the water among themselves and settle minor matters as best they can. The reclamation of the West is not only a scientific problem, but involves great tact and skill in administration.