National Geographic : 1904 Mar
MANCHURIA AND KOREA T HE magnificent war map of Manchuria and Korea, 36 by 42 inches, which is published as a Supplement to this number of the NA TIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, was prepared in the Military Information Division of the War Department from the latest explorations and surveys. Through the courtesy of the War De partment, and in particular of Captain H. C. Hale, Acting Chief of the Divis ion, the National Geographic Society is able to publish a large edition of the map. A key to the Supplement is pub lished on the opposite page. Manchuria corresponds in latitude to Manitoba, North Dakota, South Da kota, Minnesota, and Nebraska. Its area of 362,310 square miles is only 10,000 square miles less than the com bined area of these great grain states. It is nearly three times greater than California, and is as big as Texas, Ala bama, and Louisiana combined. Consul Miller in the preceding article describes the vast undeveloped resources of Man churia. In the northern part of the province are thousands of square miles of rich wheat land entirely untouched. Manchuria has a possible wheat area as great as that of the United States. Unlike China proper, Manchuria is not densely populated except in the south. The estimate of its population ranges from 10 to 20 millions. Korea is the same size as Kansas and slightly smaller than Minnesota, but, unlike Kansas and Minnesota, it is exceed ingly mountainous. It has a population estimated at from 8,000,000 to 16,000, ooo, and its area is 80,000 square miles. The mass of names given on the Sup plement in Southern Manchuria, and especially in Korea, shows how densely populated are certain sections of these countries, and yet their density of pop ulation is not to be compared to that of Japan. Japan has a population of 45,000,000, increasing rapidly and liv ing in a space no larger than the State of Montana; but only a part of her area of 150,000 square miles can be culti vated. The 45,000,000 Japanese are practically supported by what they can raise from an area one-third as large as the State of Illinois, less than 20,000 square miles. The U. S. Consul at Vladivostok, writing just before the outbreak of the war, said : " Owing to the low third-class rates, the traveling from western Europe to the Far East by the usual trains has be come exceedingly cheap. The cost of transporting a third-class passenger from Hamburg to Shanghai by the Siberian and Manchurian railroads amounts to $51.50, inclusive of food, whereas the cost of a sea voyage is about $154.50. The German Govern ment consequently has determined to transport German soldiers to the Far East and return by way of Siberia." The following authorities may be read with profit at the present time: "The Russian Advance." A. J. Beveridge. Harpers. "The Yankees of the East." W. E. Curtis. Stone & Kimball. "Handbook of Modern Japan." E. W. Clement. A . C . McClurg & Co. "Korea." A. Hamilton. Scribner's. "Korea and Her Neighbors." Mrs. I. L. Bishop. F. H. Revell Co. "Manchuria: Its People, Resources, and Recent History." Hosie. London, 1901. "China." J. H. Wilson. D. Appleton & Co. "China-the Long-Lived Empire." E. R. Scidmore. Century Co. " Village Life in China." A. H. Smith. "Great Siberian Railway." M. M. Shoe maker. Putnam's. " Guide to Great Siberian Railway." Min istry of Ways of Communication. St Peters burg. "An American Engineer in China." W. B. Parsons. McClure, Phillips & Co. "The Awakening of the East." P. Leroy Beaulieu. McClure, Phillips & Co. "The Mastery of the Pacific." Archibald Colquhoun. Macmillan Co. " Problems of the Far East." Lord Curzon. Longmans Green & Co. "American Diplomacy in the Orient." J.W . Foster. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.