National Geographic : 1904 Aug
338 THE NATIONAL GE absorption of adjacent territory, by an alliance or consolidation of countries or communities, or by the planting of colo nies which have remained subject to the parent country. But the spectacle of thirteen distinct communities uniting in one common organization and volunta rily creating from their unoccupied area other organizations of equal rank and power with themselves, until the newly created members of the family finally ex ceeded the original in number, in popu lation, and in political power, is an un usual feature in national history." " We scarcely realize how big we have grown. We proudly compare the growth of our manufacturing or exports with that of the United Kingdom, for exam ple; but do not, apparently, stop to con sider that the area of England is less than that of the State of Kansas, and that of the entire United Kingdom less than that of Kansas and Nebraska com bined. When we compare our own con ditions with those of France, we forget that its area is less than that of our two Territories of Arizona and New Mexico combined. We look with complacency upon the figures which compare our growth in manufactures, commerce, and population with that of Germany, but overlook the fact that all of the German Empire is smaller than our single State of Texas. The area of the thirteen col onies, as defined by the Peace Treaty of 1783, was equal to that of the present United Kingdom, France, Germany, Norway, and Sweden, whose combined population today is 143,ooo,ooo. The area added by the Louisiana Purchase is greater than the present area of Spain, Portugal, Italy, Austria, Hungary, and all of the Balkan States, with a combined population of 125,000,000. The area added by the Florida Purchase is more than that of the present Denmark, Neth erlands, Belgium, and Switzerland, whose population today is 18,0oo,ooo. The combined area of the Texas, Mexican, Oregon, and Alaska additions is nearly )GRAPHIC MAGAZINE equal to that of all European Russia, whose present population is io6,ooo,ooo. Thus our present area,includingAlaska, may be said to practically equal that of all Europe, whose population in round numbers is 400,000,000 of people." War Map of Manchuria and Korea. The War Department has issued a new and revised edition of the map of the seat of war in the Far East published by it several months ago and repub lished as a Supplement to the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for March. The map has been entirely redrawn, and is on a larger and hence clearer scale than the first edition. As the copies printed of the first edition for the use of the National Geographic Society have long since been exhausted, the Society has arranged for a considerable number of the new edition, which it will sell to applicants at 25 cents per map. The map is extremely useful to those follow ing the armies in the East, inasmuch as it shows clearly all the roads along which the armies are moving. A Catalogue and Index of the Publica tions of the Hayden, King, Powell, and Wheeler Surveys has recently been pre pared by Mr L. F. Schmeckebier (Bull. No. 222). It is a valuable reference book for the student, investigator, and librarian, as the publications of these early government organizations consti tute a storehouse of geographic, geo logic, ethnologic, and archaeologic in formation concerning the western por tion of the United States. A water route between the Atlantic Ocean and Lake Chad has been discov ered by Captain Lenfant via the Benue and Logone rivers. The journey to Lake Chad via this route takes 69 days as against 155 by the former route by way of the Kongo, Mobongi, and Shari rivers. The new route can be used only during high water-August I October 15.-Scot. Geog. Jour., April.