National Geographic : 1904 Oct
GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE The Philippine Islands. 1493- 1898. Vol. XVIII. 1617-1620. By Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson. Pp. 346. 6 by 9 inches. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clarke Co. 1904. We can understand present condi tions in the Philippines only as we are acquainted with the past. Very for tunately for us and the Philippines. this past history, which has been almost completely hidden from the world, is now being brought to light in the splen did series of volumes edited by Miss Blair and Mr. Robertson. The great importance of the series and its inesti mable value to the student of affairs in the Philippines become more apparent with each succeeding volume; the American people, who wish to thor oughly understand the islands and the Filipinos themselves, are under immense obligations to the publishers and edit ors. The scholarly manner in which the volumes are edited and the clear and permanent character of the print ing and paper make the series complete and attractive. The scope of the present volume ex tends from 1617 to 1620. The islands are still ravaged at intervals by the Moro pirates from the southern part of the archipelago. Even worse are the losses to the commerce of the islands inflicted by the Dutch. Their ships infest the seas about Luzon, and those of the Mo luccas, in which region they are steadily and even rapidly gaining foothold, and securing the best commerce of those islands. Corruption in the management of the Spanish interests in the Spice Islands renders them an expensive and embarrassing possession, and the new governor, Fajardo, finds the same in fluence at work in the Spanish colony itself, especially among the auditors and other high officials. The colonial treas ury is, as usual, short of funds, and can do little to defend the islands from the Dutch. The Madrid Government is un- willing to spend much more on the Philippines, although beset with im portunities to save that colony, and Spanish commerce generally, from the insolent Dutch. The usual building of ships in the islands has so harassed and exhausted the unfortunate natives that it is necessary to have ships built for the Philippines in India and other countries where time and labor are more abundant. BOOKS RECEIVED. Great American Canals. Vol. I. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Pennsylvania Canal. By A. B. Hul bert. With maps and illustrations. Pp. 232. 52 by 72 inches. Cleve land : Arthur H. Clarke Co. 1904. The South American Republics. Part two : Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Panama. By Thomas C. Dawson. With maps and illustrations. Pp. 513. 52 by 8 inches. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1904. Sweden. Its people and its industry. Historical and Statistical Handbook. By Gustav Sundbarg. With numer ous illustrations. Pp. i io6. 612 by 91 inches. Stockholm : P. A. Nord stedt & Sener. 1904. The Norwegian North Polar Expedi tion, 1893-1896. Vol. IV. Scientific results. By Fridtjof Nansen. With diagrams and charts. Pp. 231. 9 by i I inches. New York : Longmans, Green & Co. 1904. Africa from South to North through Morotseland. By Major A. St H. Gibbons. Two Vols. With maps and many illustrations. Pp. 290 + 296. 6 by 9 inches. New York and London: John Lane. 1904. De La Cote D'Ivoire au Soudan et a La Guinee. Par Le Capitaine D'Ollone. With maps and many illustrations. Troisieme Edition. Pp. 311. 62 by io inches. Paris : Librairie Hat chette et Cie. 1901.