National Geographic : 1904 Oct
VOL. XV, No. o1 WASHINGTON OCTOBER, I904 THE SMA(GAIPHIBh ADDRESS BY COMMANDER ROBERT E. PEARY, U. S. N. PRESIDENT EIGHTH INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CONGRESS ON THE ASSEMBLING OF THE CONGRESS IN WASHINGTON SEPTEMBER 8, 1904 Gentlemen, Delegates, and Members of the Eighth InternationalGeographicCongress : FOR the first time, America wel comes you and is honored by your presence. For the first time we have the pride and pleasure of extending a hearty greeting to our dis tinguished friends and co-workers in the great mother science, gathered from the civilized nations of the world. For the eighth time since its incep tion the International Geographic Con gress meets to note the progress of dis covery, to listen to the results of the researches of its Fellows, and to suggest and plan for the future. Seven times it has met in the great capitals of Europe; now it meets in the capital of your young but buxom sister of America. Numbers of you meet here again com rades of previous Congresses. Others have attended their last Congress, and survive only in their works. Stanley and Nordenskjold, captains of the tropics and the Arctic, have passed away in the quiet of their homes, their strenuous work ended years ago. Daly and Du Chaillu have died amid the peaceful surroundings of civiliza tion. Andree and Toll have met their fate in the stress of struggle with the icy North. There have been numerous " world happenings" since the last Congress, which, while not purely geographical, it may be well perhaps to note here. When the last Congress met a strug gle had been finished in the distant East far-reaching in its effects ; the be ginning of a new policy, a new line of thought and action, the first step in the inevitable and inexorable destiny of this country. At the present time another struggle is going on in the same region, fateful with the greatest possibilities to two of our friends and neighbors. Since the last Congress two republics have ceased to exist in Africa and a new one has been born in America.