National Geographic : 1905 Feb
88 THE NATIONAL GE merchant dealers and grocers, 58 mari ners, and 18 miners. Many of these had received civil-service appointments from the United States. The administrative acts of the Bureau during 1904 were pre viously described by Colonel Edwards in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE of June and July. " The question of labor in the Philip pines has ceased to be a critical one, says the Collector of Customs for the Philippine Islands in his report for 1904. Despite the gloomy predictions of many thoroughly sincere investi gators and writers on the subject, the Filipino laborer has conclusively dem onstrated that he is a practicable and dependable element in the industrial development of the Islands. In the past two years several immense enter prises have been successfully carried on solely with the aid of Filipino laborers. All goods arriving at or leaving the port of Manila are handled by natives. Dur ing the past year the operation of the customs 'Arrastre plant' has been en tirely in the hands of native labor, in cluding the steam tramway and four large steam cranes. " The Filipinos make good clerks, copyists, typewriters, sub-inspectors, and, in some instances, excellent fidu ciary officers. In the handling of cash, in subordinate positions, they have shown a high degree of accuracy and integrity. As marine officers and engi neers, especially in the latter position, they have exhibited a skill, fidelity, and courage which entitle them to unstinted admiration." TRANSPORTATION IN ENGLAND AT the present time, when there is so much comment on transporta tion rates in the United States, the fol lowing statements from an American consul in England of conditions in that country may surprise some of us:* *W. P. Smith, U. S. consul Tunstall, Eng land, Consular Reports, January 25, 1905. OGRAPHIC MAGAZINE " The carriage for a ton of apples from Folkstone, on the south coast of England, to London, is $5.86, while goods of the same class are carried from California to London for $3.81. It costs $9.73 to send a ton of British meat from Liverpool to London, while it costs only $6.09 to send a ton of foreign meat to the same market. The Irish farmer who wants to get his produce to London has to pay $22.88 carriage per ton on his eggs from Galway, while the Danish farmer can send eggs into the London market for $5.85, the Russian for $5.10, and the farmer in Normandy for $4.05. The man down in Kent, who is almost at the London market, has to pay $6.10 per ton to the railway companies for carrying the produce of his orchard to London, while the same class of freight is brought from Holland for half the money." TO OBSERVE SOLAR ECLIPSE REAR Admiral C. M. Chester, su perintendent of the Naval Ob servatory, has submitted a recommenda tion for provision for a naval expedition in 1905 to observe a total solar eclipse. He proposes to select an observation station among the high hills bordering on the Mediterranean, to work with some ship as a base near Valencia, and another station in the uplands, with headquarters on board a vessel on the northeast coast of Spain. Ranges of Arizona.-David Griffiths is the author of a recent bulletin pub lished by the Department of Agricult ure, describing the ranges of Arizona and the measures necessary for their protection. The ranges can carry with out injury one horse or cow to 50 or 100 acres. The range-owners have lately begun goat-raising with consid erable profit. The picture on page 85 shows a flock of goats on one of these ranges. Excessive stocking has been destroying the value of the ranges.