National Geographic : 1906 Aug
FROM PANAMA TO PATAGONIA 451 From " Panama to Patagonia," by Charles M. Pepper. Copyright, 1906, by A. C. McClurg & Co. Cacao or Chocolate Trees, Ecuador One-third of the world's supply of chocolate comes from Ecuador death rate were almost balanced, since the birth rate ranged from 35 to 37 per 1,000. In 1895 the total births reported were 110,000 and the deaths 92,000, leaving an excess of 18,000 births over deaths. In 1898 the birth excess was a little larger; but in 1901 the births were 116,ooo and the deaths III,ooo, giving an excess of only 5,000. In previous years the births were not larger and have even fallen below the deaths. In a subsequent year a more normal con dition was shown, the births number ing 115,813 and the deaths 88,607. In the two big cities no normal increase was contributed to the population. In Valparaiso Province, with 243,000 in habitants, during a twelve-month pe riod there were 9,475 births and 9,674 deaths. One year an epidemic of measles caused frightful ravages. In the year 1900, in the city of Valparaiso, the births were 5,610 and the deaths 7,170, and of the latter 2,245 were in fants under one year of age. During this annual period the death rate per I,ooo in Valparaiso was 54.4. In San tiago Province, with a total population of 434,000, the births numbered 16,074 and the deaths 17,798. This excess was due to the city of Santiago, where there were II,ooo births and 12,500 deaths in a total -urban population of 262,000. The mean average death rate is a little higher than in Valparaiso, though the latter is subject to the vicissitudes of seaports. In a given year only one city of more than Io,ooo inhabitants showed a death rate of less than 50 for each i,ooo. This was Antofagasta, in which the proportion was 44 out of every I,000.