National Geographic : 1907 Aug
534 THE NATIONAL GE supply the public need. The state, with its lower interest rate and freedom from taxes, can do what the private person cannot. Three-fourths of the population of the United States is found east of the Missis sippi River, but over half the timber is now west of it. Yet it is still from the forests of the East that the larger part of our timber is being drawn. Less than two decades will leave the East practically without saw timber of her own, unless it is possible to draw more heavily than present conditions permit upon the supplies of other regions. The demands even now laid by the lumber traffic upon the transcontinental lines from the Northwest have severely taxed their carrying powers. A very serious situation is in prospect. Again, the East is the home of the hardwoods, or broad-leaved trees. These are used extensively in wood-working industries of many kinds. In these in dustries large amounts of capital are in vested, and their products furnish a surprisingly large number of articles of OGRAPHIC MAGAZINE daily use. Our virgin hardwood forests are so nearly cleared away that the col lapse of the industries which they sup port is imminent. There is every reason why what has happened in the mountains of the West should happen also in the mountains of the East. In the West, forests are needed to furnish wood and keep the streams running. In the East they are needed to furnish wood and keep back flood waters. In certain regions, as in parts of the Southern Appalachians and in the White Mountains, the most serious effects of forest destruction fall mainly upon other states than those in which the destruction takes place. It is clearly too much to expect that Tennessee or New Hampshire should maintain forests to prevent floods, loss of water power, and impairment of navigation in Georgia or Massachusetts. In such cases purchase of lands by the federal government would seem to be the proper remedy. It is to be hoped that we shall soon see national forests created in these two important regions. FLASHLIGHTS FROM THE JUNGLE A few notes and illustrations from a remarkable book by C. G. Schillings, published by Doubleday, Page & Co., giving a record of hunting adventures and of studies in wild life in Equatorial East Africa. MR C. G. SCHILLINGS is a wealthy young German who some years ago set out to photograph the big game of Equatorial East Africa. As a result of 10 years almost entirely devoted to the work, he has obtained and published the most won derful series of photographs of the great animals of Africa in their native haunts that the world has seen. What makes his illustrations particularly valuable is the fact that they are of living animals and not of dead game, and that they are furthermore accompanied by an in telligent and keen description of the habits and characteristics of the beasts. Mr Schillings greatly deplores the use less sacrifice of such a large number of magnificent elephants. lions, giraffes, rhinoceroses, etc., of Equatorial East Africa. In a few years this region, so recently the richest game country in the world, will be as depleted as South Africa or the United States. The author gives many illustrations of the rapidity with which the big game is being swept away. In 1896, when he first went to that region, countless num bers of wild elephants roamed the forests and plains; today they are counted in tens where formerly they were counted by thousands.