National Geographic : 1908 Jul
OUR NOBLES ing rainy and foggy weather, with the mountain much of the time hidden from view, but the 28th was bright and clear. My cook, Wm. Hinshaw, of Portland, and teamster, 0. G. McIntyre, of Sal mon, Oregon, were in the main camp. They are men in whose word and com mon sense I believe reliance may be placed. They saw a column of smoke, prob ably dense steam, rising from Crater Rock, high above the sky-line of the sum mit of the mountain. This persisted throughout the day. There were probably as many as a dozen other people at Government Camp who also saw the smoke. An unsuccess ful attempt was made to photograph it. My own view of that side of the moun tain was effectually cut off by Steel Cliff. In the afternoon McIntyre came around to me. He says that when crossing the White River Valley he could look di rectly up the canyon, in behind Crater Rock, and the smoke appeared much plainer than it had from Government Camp. The stream, White River, as he crossed it that day, was at its usual stage. MORE EVIDENCE OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY That night Hinshaw, from the main camp, saw with field glasses a glow from behind Crater Rock which he described as looking like a chimney burning out. I returned the next day, the 29th, to Government Camp, crossing on the way th White River, which had swollen over night to an angry stream of treble its vol ume of the day before. The weather was cold, and though a drizzling rain had begun to fall in the early morning, there T VOLCANO 525 was no warrant for the rise in the stream except the volcanic heat melting the glacier which is its source. Clouds obscured the mountain for a week fol lowing the 28th. I moved camp on the 30th out of sight of the crater, and during the month that remained of the field season saw no fur ther signs of activity. Mr S. N. Stoner, formerly of the Sur vey, on about the 12th of November, which was a very clear day, saw from Portland what he took to be smoke rising from Hood. I have heard of no further disturbance, and his observation at the distance of 50 miles is of course of ques tionable value. It is interesting to note that this activ ity of the old volcano was occurring at the same time that daily changes were being observed in the Bogaslof group of volcanic islands off the Alaskan coast. Whether the phenomena observed last August presage an awakening of the old volcano to new life, or whether they were but a dying gasp, which over, the giant will relapse into a yet deeper and per haps final sleep, time alone can deter mine. They do show, however, as Mr J. S. Diller has pointed out, that vol canoes like Pelee or Vesuvius, which are intermittently active, continue to feel throes of life at long intervals, but weaker and weaker with the passing of time, long after they are destructively active. But for the present Mount Hood must be taken from the list of extinct vol canoes and placed at least among the doubtful.