National Geographic : 1908 Sep
668 THE NATIONAL GE sledges of the Peary Arctic Club during its ten years of field work is not less than 6,800 miles. Additions by the Club to the nomen clature of Arctic maps may be summa rized as follows: 1899: Jesup (Morris K.) Land. Moore (Charles A.) Mountain. Bridgman (Herbert L.) Mountain. Benedict (Erastus C.) Glacier. Hedin (Sven) Glacier. Cannon (Henry W.) Cape. 9oo: Jesup (Morris K.) Cape, 1883-1890. Bridgman (Herbert L.) Cape. Parish (Henry) Cape. Wyckoff (Clarence F.) Cape. Hill (James J.) Cape. Cannon (Henry W.) Cape. Benedict (Henry H.) Mountains. Daly (Charles P.) Mountains. Constable (James M.) Bay. Wyckoff (Edward G.) Island. Schley (Grant B.) Fjord. Hyde (Frederick E.) Fjord. Sands (Hayden H.) Fjord. Peary (Mary) Peak. McKinley (William) Sea. Roosevelt (Theodore) Range. 19o6: Crocker (George) Land. Phillips (John C.) Bay. Bourne (Fred. G.) Cape. 'Colgate (James C.) Cape. Hubbard (Thomas H.) Cape. Kleybolte (Rudolph) Island. In addition to its definite work on the map of the world, the Peary Arctic Club has accomplished other things hardly less important and significant. It has demon strated the indisputable value of the Es kimo and his dog; has substituted for strained relations, friendship and loyalty, sympathy with the leader and obedience to him, so that the undertaking com mands the best resources of both races; each supplements the other, and the re sult has demonstrated the merit of the combination. The Club has also vastly simplified the equipment and dietary of explorers; has carried far beyond any former example the rule of "living off the country." Scurvy and other evils which enfeebled and reduced earlier ex- GRAPHIC MAGAZINE plorers have been practically unknown, and, utilizing the abundant supplies of the food of the country, combined with the essentials, pemmican and tea from civilization, have demonstrated what is probably the ideal Arctic food supply. Starvation upon a selected basis has been practically eliminated from the Arctic dangers. The Peary Arctic Club has also dem onstrated the advantage of a small, com pact organization with direct personal responsibility, free from routine "red tape" or the semblance, without the fact, of authority. Animated by absolute sin cerity of purpose, by undivided earnest ness in its one great object, it believes that its example in fields of administra tion and cooperation are not less in structive than its achievements in the field are gratifying. Death removed from the Club, on January 22, 1908, Morris K. Jesup, its first and only president. To Mr Jesup more than to any other man the Club owed existence, and from him it received in generous measure support, counsel, and inspiration, which sustained its work and commanded for it a definite place in public confidence and respect. The vacancy caused by Mr Jesup's death was filled June 18, 1908, by the election of Gen. Thomas H. Hubbard, of New York, and that in the vice-presi dency, by the resignation of Commander Peary, on account of his approaching departure for the North, by the election of Zenas Crane, of Dalton, Massachu setts. The Club's steamer Roosevelt, fully repaired, equipped with new boilers, stronger and better than ever, left New York for the North, a second time, July 6, 1908; and, having been honored at Oyster Bay, New York, by a visit from President Roosevelt, departed from Syd ney July 17, upon a quest the complete success of which the Club confidently ex pects Commander Peary will report in person to the Tenth International Geo graphic Congress.