National Geographic : 1909 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE came, word was given to Fuad Pasha that he was at liberty to return to Con stantinople. But the grim old soldier said, "No, not until my sword that was taken from me in Constantinople is re turned to me; no, not until those medals removed from me have once more been placed upon my breast." The old man waited, and then in a short time the sword and the medals came, and presently he began the tri umphant return. He was carried by train to Beirut. The enthusiastic popu lace seized him as he came out from the train and insisted on taking the horses out of the carriage and dragging it to the hotel. Indeed, in the exuberance of their Oriental enthusiasm, they were about to carry the carriage bodily to the hotel. However, with some regard for his own life, he stopped this form of demonstra tion and finally persuaded his admirers to let him go in the ordinary way. After this there followed a series of popular assemblages in honor of Fuad Pasha, and many speeches were made. Then there came the triumphant journey of the old hero to Constantinople. They say that when the French steamer that was bring ing him finally reached the harbor the great populace was there waiting to meet him, and that it was a great sight to see the old general as he stood upon the captain's bridge, his white hair whiter than it was six years before, and he was not ashamed of the tears that coursed down his face and which showed his de votion to the people as he came back to his beloved city to be received with that kind of a welcome. TURKS PAY HONOR TO MASSACRED ARMENIANS So over the Empire-not simply in Beirut, not simply in Constantinople, but in the smaller places as well-these scenes were repeated until the whole Em pire was rejoicing with one heart. Away down in Medina, on the railway that the Sultan is projecting as far as Mecca, the event was celebrated. The opening of the railway and the granting of the con stitution were extolled at the same time. Everywhere Moslems meeting men of other faiths used for the first time in five hundred or six hundred years the salu tation that is usually confined to their fellow-believers, "Peace be upon you!" and then the answer, "And upon you may peace also rest!" But what may be regarded as the cul minating point of this spirit of fraternity was witnessed in Constantinople, when Armenians, accompanied by many Turks, visited the graves of those who had been massacred and there offered prayers of thanksgiving for the coming of this day, while the Turks expressed their sorrow for the events that had destroyed so many of the lives of the brave Arme nians; and the next day Armenians and Moslems went into the churches in Con stantinople, and there addresses were given by Turkish Moslems and Armeni ans expressing thanksgiving to God for the coming of this day. The work that was done in Salonika by the Young Turkey Party in bringing about this constitution made that a place where the rejoicing was particu larly enthusiastic. They tell us also that when the pris oners were released under the new am nesty the danger of such a move dis appeared in the presence of the solem nity with which the act was performed. Every prisoner was brought into the presence of one of his priests, and he was obliged to put his hand upon the Bible or upon the Koran, and was then asked these questions: "Do you promise upon being released to abjure all crime? Do you promise to refuse to do that which will injure in any way the safety of society or the state?" And only then, when he had promised, not simply with his hands placed upon the Koran, but with his uplifted hand in the presence of Almighty God, only then was he allowed to go free. They also made this decla ration: "The people have set you free. See to it, that you serve and respect the liberties of the people or you will be in short order hanged." And the answer was, "We shall not be hanged, for we do propose to serve the interests of the people."