National Geographic : 1909 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photo from U. S. Forest Service CENERAL GRANT : BIG TREE, io6 FEET IN CIRCUMFERENCE, CALIFORNIA The beneficial results of regulated graz ing, shown in a decided betterment of much of the national forest range, made it possible to increase the allotment of stock on a number of the older forests. At the same time investigations in range improvement through reseeding, new methods of handling stock, the eradica tion of poisonous plants, and the destruc tion of prairie dogs brought important progress toward still better future use of the forests by stockmen. The develop ment of watering places is another means that is being pursued to the same end, while the killing of predatory wild ani mals by forest service hunters saved the stockmen losses probably greater than the entire amount paid in grazing fees. This amount was over $960,ooo. Through the enforcement of quarantine regulations and the distribution of blackleg vaccine other losses from disease were prevented. Through cooperation with private own ers investigations in forest management and forest planting were continued. It was possible to make field examinations of only about one-fifth of the total acre age for which advice concerning forest management was sought. Every tract of land on which the advice of the Service is applied becomes a valuable experiment in practical forestry. The total area for which examinations have been made since cooperation was first offered is nearly II,000,000 acres, and on more than three fourths of this some form of forestry is now in actual practice. The studies in wood preservation and in the strength and physical properties of different kinds of wood maintained the position of the Forest Service as leader toward more economical use of wood ma terial. Special attention was given to working out practicable methods for treating farm timbers in small quantities. Studies in wood pulp-making showed that a merchantable pulp can be made from 15 woods not commonly used. Along many other lines also data were gathered looking to better knowledge and control of our forests and better use of their products. At the same time the work of bringing to the attention of the public the knowledge gathered for the use of the public was vigorously prosecuted.