National Geographic : 1909 Jan
to O THE NIOBE ON MOUNT SIPYLUS AT MAGNESIA This is a figure cut in the rock and is supposed to represent Niobe weeping for her children. According tothe legend Niobe was the daughter of Tantalus, king of Lydia. and the wife of Amphion, king of Thebes. She was the mother ofmany children, the numbers varying in the legends from twelve to twenty. But in her pride she incurred the enmity ofLeto, the mother of Apollo and Artemis, by boasting of her superiority. The goddess therefore sent Apollo tokill Niobe's sons with his arrows, and Artemis to slay her daughters. Niobe's grief was so terrible that the gods transformed her into astone image on Mount Sipylus.