National Geographic : 1909 Mar
A RICH NATIVE AND FAMILY OF ANGOLA Bordering on the Congo Free State is the Portuguese territory of Angola, a country about as large as France and Switzerland and Italy combined. For every thousand people who have heard of the Congo it is possible that two have heard of Angola, and perhaps one of those two knows that from a time some score of years before the inauguration of the Congo State there has existed in that country a system of slavery which is only comparable with that of the Spaniards in the West Indies. Slaves are brought down from the far interior, often as far as 800 miles, by agents who think they have done well if one-half of their drove survive the journey. At the coast, knowing that it is impossible for them to return home, the slaves bind themselves to a term of service, which never ends, in the cocoa plantations. Angola is a poor country, poor in natural products of the soil and poor in minerals, but still moderately rich in men, in spite of having been squeezed for generations.-A . F . R. WOLLASTON.