National Geographic : 1910 Jan
THE GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY'S ALASKAN EXPEDITION THE LOWER PORTION OF THE HUBBARD GLACIER,.,WITH THREE GLACIERS OF THE SWISS ALPS SUPERIMPOSED UPON IT All four glaciers are drawn upon the same scale, those from Switzerland being shown from the snowfields to the end of the ice tongue. The contrast of width and length of these glaciers in Switzerland and in Alaska is notable. Zoological Park, can appreciate this dis tance across Columbia glacier (see p. Io). The Malaspina glacier, however, fed by Agassiz, Seward, Marvine, and other val ley glaciers which rival or exceed the Hubbard and Columbia in size, is so large that the whole State of Rhode Island could be laid out upon its 1,500 square miles of surface, or all of eastern Massa chusetts. On the accompanying map it may be seen that if Boston were located in the eastern part of the Malaspina gla cier the cities of Worcester and Gardner, in central Massachusetts, would be near the west edge (see page 9). It was with ice masses varying in mag nitude from that of Malaspina, Hubbard, and Columbia glaciers to the almost in numerable minor ice tongues that the investigations of the National Geographic Society's Alaskan expedition of 1909 dealt. INCIDENTS OF A DAY The day's work in Alaskan glacier study naturally introduces a variety of incidents, with the whole party some times united and sometimes divided; one group engaged in observation of the ice tongues, another in making topographic maps, a third in sounding in the fiord, etc. The day may start as early as half past four, and, in one case, began an hour earlier, because the Japanese cook made a mistake. Breakfast is eaten, apparatus and lunches are packed, and the start is made. It is light for twenty to twenty four hours, so the start and return can be made at convenience.