National Geographic : 1910 Feb
AN ANCIENT CAPITAL TIHE PICTURED ROCKS AT BOGHAZ KEOUY Of some only the postern appears, and some are filled with debris and can be penetrated but a short distance. It seems to have been a Hittite habit to build such underground passages, and this habit was continued by their relatives or imitators, the Phrygians. Professor Ramsay tells us of several secret passages connecting different parts of Hittite and Phrygian fortifications, or an acropolis and some more or less distant hill. This tunnel ends on the outside in a post and lintel gate, with grooves for a door and holes for the closing-bar. On the citadel there was one specimen of the ancient Babylonian door-socket, well worn, but worn into a block of limestone squared and cut as perfectly on all sides as if for a modern building. Once more following the wall, we come to the famous Southern gate, which admitted to the city the commerce and travel from Cilicia, and which is still guarded by the lion posts, always pic tured in every description of Boghaz Keouy. Fine, upstanding lions they are, too, with wide-open jaws and curly hair. From between the lions one looks out ward and downward to a marvelous stretch of hill and dale, while on the inside we look across the mile and a quarter of the city limits, sloping down from this point 870 feet to its northern end. Here and there on the slope rise the great rock fortresses, each bearing on its summit more or less of Hittite masonry. Beyond the northern side of the city stretches a wide and fertile plain which must have furnished the greater part of the sustenance of the capital. THE PALACES We also see from this gateway, or on the road to it, a number of palaces whose foundations have been uncovered in the course of the excavations. The largest of these lies on the lower part of the slope and is about 208 feet long by 138 feet wide. It consists of a great central hall and many chambers on each side. On the south side and on the southeast corner there seem to have been splendid entrances with double gates, small courts between, and pillars at each corner. The stones which form these courts, and especially the thresholds, are most beau tifully worked with a curved and beveled edge. The stone used is largely the lime stone of the region, but part of the pave ment of the great hall and many other parts of the building were of imported trachyte.