National Geographic : 1911 Jul
THE INDIAN CENSUS OF 1911 A HINDU FESTIVAL All people attending these festivals on the night of the census were counted by special enumerators. Photo by John J. Banninga the charge-superintendent, so as to se cure the greatest possible accuracy. Elaborate provision was made for all who might be traveling by train, boat, or cart on the night of the census. Station masters, train-guards, and others were enlisted, so that no one might escape. Thousands of Indians travel every night in the bullock carts of the country, the common mode of travel between the thousands of villages that have no rail way service. The heat of the day makes the night the pleasantest time for trav eling, so provision had to be made for these also; and tollgate keepers, as well as the keepers of caravansaries, were ap pointed as enumerators to count the noses of all passing through their gates or stopping at their "pettahs," or inns. At 7.00 p. m. on Friday, March Io, every enumerator started out to make the real count of the people in his block. Going from house to house, he corrected the preliminary record, adding all who had come and striking off all that had gone since the first count was made. Then details as to sex, marriage, pro fession, age, religion, language, etc., were recorded. In all, sixteen columns had to be filled in regarding each indi vidual. Some of the people seemed to think it a joke if they could manage to have some in their house escape the eye of the enumerator. Children had to be dragged from dark corners and older persons from the cattle sheds, in order that the list might be made complete. If any one escaped entirely he was the hero of the day in his village the next morning.