National Geographic : 1911 Nov
PERU-The Land of the Incas F all the lands comprised in the vast South American continent, there is none more richly endowed by Nature with everything That is magnificent to the eye of the traveler, none whose his tory is more fascinating, whose relics of a former age are more potent to cast a spell over the imagination, than Peru. It was here that, in the fulness of time, a handful of daring Spanish adventurers, emboldened by pride of race and lust of gold, subju gated an entire and almost unknown nation, planted the Cross over the ruined temples of the Sun, and turned the current of history. Such a land cannot but offer irresistible attractions to the modern tourist, and we will be glad to furnish information of a general character to prospective visitors, and to convey some idea of the nature of the country. Scenic Grandeur Unparalleled Nowhere else in the universe had Nature laid such colossal difficulties in the way; never were difficulties more stoutly combated and overcome. Now cutting through gigantic masses of rock, now scaling precipitous heights, now crossing abysmal ravines and roaring torrents, the great military thoroughfares constructed in Peru under the Inca dynasty challenged comparison with the proudest achievements of the Old World. Splendid Railroad Equipment Peru is still the country of wonderful highways, but they are today roads of steel, and the engineering triumphs which so amazed the discoverers of the country are eclipsed by the modern railway man. All of them are well constructed roads, over which the passenger is borne in comfortable coaches as smoothly and safely as if he were traveling on one of the leading trunk lines of Great Britain or the United States. How To Get There A tempting variety of steamship routes is offered from Europe to Callao, the prin cipal port of Peru. A regular fortnightly service of the fine steamers of the Royal Mail Steamship Company leaves Liverpool for all the principal Brazilian, Chilian, and Peru vian ports as far as Callao, and a more interesting run it would be difficult to imagine. At Montevideo the passenger may, instead of continuing the trip South to Punta Arenas and through the picturesque Straits of Magellan, elect to make a short stay in Buenos Aires, the Paris of South America, and proceed overland to Valparaiso by the Transan dine Railway. The quickest route, however, is that by the Atlantic steamers from New York, whence vessels sail to Colon, train then being taken to Panama, the starting point of the West Coast steamers, the whole journey being usually completed within about three weeks. An alternative to this trip, again, is available by the Royal Mail boats to Colon via Barbados and Trinidad. The Peruvian Corporation, Ltd. THE CENTRAL RAILWAY OF PERU, Ltd. THE TRUJILLO RAILWAY, Ltd. THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY OF PERU, Ltd. THE PACASMAYO & GUADALUPE NAVIGATION LAKE TITICAC RAILWAY, Ltd. AND RIVER DESAGUADERO. THE CHIMBOTE RAILWAY. THE GUAQUI & LA PAZ RAILWAY. THE PISCO To ICA RAILWAY. THE PAITA TO PIURA RAILWAY, Ltd. THE ILO TO MOQUEGUA RAILWAY. Full information regarding sailings, fares, etc., may be obtained upon application to the Tourist Agencies, to the London Office of the Corporation, 43 Threadneedle Street, E. C., or to the Representative, Lima, Peru. "Geographic readers may depend upon the integrity of our advertisers."