National Geographic : 1912 Apr
From "In the Heart of Africa," by Adolphus Frederick, Duke ofMecklenburg (Cassell &Co.) PYGMIES OF THE GREAT FOREST, NEAR THE SEMLIKI RIVER The weapons of the Wambutti consist of a bow and arrow and a short spear. According to their uses, whether for war orfor hunting purposes, they are made of iron and wood respectively. The men forge or carve them themselves, and thearrows are all tipped with vegetable poison. From researches made by Dr. Max Krause, of the Berlin Hydro-Therapeutic Institute, it appears that the poison inthese arrows isde rived from a species of strophanthus, most probably hispidus or kombe, not gratus. After removing the poisonous coating for the purpose of investigation, it was found that the arrow was notched about three centimeters from the point, so as to favoritsbreaking off inthe wound. The poison works rapidly, and is fatal in its effect unless the arrow-point is withdrawn very quickly and the wound sucked dry. Big game always succumb to its effects; death follows more or less swiftly, according to the particular position of the wound.