National Geographic : 1912 Aug
Photo by Lieut. J. F. Hahn, U. S. R. S. REFUGEES FROM KADIAK ON BOARD THE "MANNING" terrorizing beyond description, and I cannot refrain from paying the highest compliment to many of the inhabitants of Kadiak, who by their courage and forgetfulness of self in this time of peril cooperated with us in every way in giv ing help to the weak and suffering. Katmai Volcano is one of the long belt of active and extinct Alaskan vol canoes which extend for 1,600 miles from Kenai Peninsula, along the Alas kan Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. No less than 60 active or recently active vol canoes are already known, and this num ber will probably be increased when the territory has been more thoroughly ex amined. The belt includes Mt. Wran gell, whose huge dome reaches 14,ooo feet elevation; Mt. Shishaldin, a most grace ful peak, whose outlines rival Fujiyama, and Bogoslof, whose suddenly appear ing and as suddenly disappearing islands have startled mariners for the past Ioo years. Immediately after the eruption the National Geographic Society, in cooper ation with the U. S. Geological Survey, sent Mr. George C. Martin, a geologist of the Survey, to Alaska to make a re connaissance of Mt. Katmai and neigh boring volcanoes. Mr. Martin has been in the field of volcanic disturbance throughout the summer. His studies are preliminary to an extended investi gation of the Alaskan volcanoes, which the National Geographic Society will inaugurate in 1913.