National Geographic : 1912 Sep
The Land A few of the 10,838 geographical article headings, suggest ing the vast scope of this department by a brief selection from only one of its divisions. Continents North America South America Europe Africa Asia Australia Islands West Indies Hawaii East Indies Australasia Bermuda Sakhalin Philippine Islands Cuba Porto Rico Pescadores Formosa Skye Vancouver Aleutian Kuriles Malay Archi pelago Sokotra Borneo Sumatra Java Celebes Quelpart Etc., etc. Mountains, Hills, etc. Adirondacks Andes Appalachian Cascade Catskill Pike's Peak Sierra Nevada White Cheviot Hills The Grampians The Highlands Snowdon Alps Apennines Black Forest Mont Blanc Carpathian The Dolomites Etna Gemmi Pass Khyber Pass Black Hills Atlas Spion Kop Table Mountain Livingstone Mountains Abor Hills Ararat Black Mountain Chin Hills Caucasus Mount Everest Garo Hills Himalaya Lebanon Ural Mountains Jungfrau Jura Matterhorn "Pyrenees Similon Pass St. Bernard Passes St. Gothard Pass V6esuvius The Indispensable Book Ambassador Bryce on the Study of Geography In an address to the National Geographic Society. - Mr. BRYCE is a contributor to the new Encyclopaedia Britannica. "There is, in my opinion, no pleasure comparable to that of studying the earth on which we live and endeavouring to obtain a knowledge of what the Creator has given to the different peoples on this earth, of that which it contains, and how the course of human events, from the time of the prehistoric ages down to the fuller light of our own time, has been determined by the physical circumstances under which the various races of mankind have been led in their several careers." Geography a New Science in the Eleventh Edition The new Encyclopedia Britannica is the only single book in which study of the earth and its peoples may be pursued in the broad sense indicated by Ambassador Bryce. It is the only work of universal reference which has been written throughout under the inspiration and guidance of the new geography, by the creators of this science. Within recent years the evolutionary idea, to quote from the article "Geography,' by II. R. Mill, "has revolutionized geography as it did biology, breaking down the old hard-and-fast partitions between the various departments and sub stituting the study of the nature and influence of actual terrestrial environments for the earlier motive, the discovery and exploration of new lands." The makers of the Encyclopaedia planned the Geographical Section along the lines of this new conception. The merchant, the man of affairs, the student of world movements, the financier, the well-informed person in any walk of life, can no longer intelligently dispense with a knowledge of this new geography, which ranks in practical utility with any form of applied science or technical knowledge. The period covered by the eleven editions of the Encyclopaedia Britannica has been a mo mentous one in regard to the mapping-out of the world, and with the extension-almost to its limit-of territorial discovery has come a more comprehensive range of activity and research for the geographer. In the sixteenth century exploration was the province of the merchant adventurer. Today the explorer is inspired by the romance of pure science and the demands of industry and commerce under a thousand new aspects. Geography as dealt with in the Encyclopaedia Britannica is not merely a dull compilation of dry facts; it embraces the whole poetry of earth. Side by side with the accurate exposition of the latest scientific conclusions will be found in the pages of the Eleventh Edition the thrilling stories of adventure which make up the lives of explorers from the days of Marco Polo, Chang Chun, and Vasco da Gama to those of Peary, Selous, and Sven Hedin, told with the utilization of every resource which the best scholarship of today has at command-in the case of the earlier history of geography and exploration benefiting by the latest criticism of old narratives and records. A Great Geographical Library One hundred and twenty separate volumes of ordinary size in your library devoted to geography would give you no more geographical information than is contained in a set of the new Encyclopedia Britannica. The 10,838 articles on geographical subjects, including the lives of geographers, travelers, and explorers, contain no less than 12,000oo,ooo words, the equivalent of 120 books of 100oo,ooo words each. Arranged in separate volumes such a library would contain: Books about Physical Features and Phenom ena of the Earth Books about Countries The scope of treatment of the accounts of countries and smaller political divisions is indicated by the following general plan of these articles: I. Topography. II. Geology, Fauna, Flora, Climate. III. Population and conditions of human life, manners, and customs. IV. Economic conditions; Communica tions. V. Government, Administration, etc.; Religion, Education. VI. History. These articles, in the case of some of the more important countries, contain from 150, ooo to 250,000 words-a single article the equivalent of a one or two volume work. Books about the Industries and Commerce of all Nations Books about the Living Things of the Earth Books about Exploration The lives of travelers and explorers, the out-of-the-way places of the earth, the revela tions of the spade, and light on early records of discovery and the spread of geographical knowledge. Books about Races and Tribes Ethnography, native customs, cults re ligions, primitive peoples, folk lore An Up-to-date and Complete Atlas With every place indexed for immediate reference, a total of more than 125,000 map entries. Every bit of the material in this geographical library is made instantly available by the Index volume (containing 500,000 headings), more complete and valuable than a specially prepared card index to a private library. "Geographic readers may depend upon the character of our advertisers."