National Geographic : 1912 Oct
CHIEF KALUN AND DAIBEN IN COURT ROBES MADE OF BEAUTIFULLY COLORED EMBROIDERY Mongolian nobles often make long journeys to this place for worship, and not a few of them have become Lamas during their visits. The son of the Mon golian Prince Kung has already been transformed into a "Living Buddha." From his forehead grows the much coveted "Wonder Pearl," a pearl of the size of a millet grain, which constitutes the most vital part of Buddhism. People travel from remote parts of the Buddhist world to Lhasa in order to get this pearl, which they believe to be omnipotent. THE GANDAN MONASTERY The third monastery in size and im portance is the Gandan Monastery, to the east of the city. Tzung-ka-ba is said to have become a "Living Buddha" in this monastery. About 2,000 Lamas live and study here. The power and influence oI these three great monasteries can hardly be over estimated. With a total number of 15,000 Lamas, they are strong enough to control almost anything. The leading Lamas are often found engaging in poli- A BRIDE She is the daughter-in-law of Chief Kalun. The band around her breast is the sign of a bride.