National Geographic : 1912 Oct
I-I rI INTERESTING PEOPLES Abipones Aztecs Chinook Chiquitos Indians Hopi (or Mopi) Huambisas Huichol Huastecs Eskimo Mandan Ponca Pueblo Ainu Chukchi Dyaks Gilyaks Hiung-nu Kirghiz Maharattas Maori Malays Mongols Ostiaks Samoyedes Tatars Tunguses Turkoman Negro Bambute Barotse Beni-Amer Bongo CLAY FIGURE, FROM ME PRIMITIVE ARTS AND LIFE Cave Lake Dwellings Barrow Crannog Tumulus Shellheaps Vitrified Forts Flint Instruments Celt Fire Costume Wampum Kraal I _ -- "Of the Cannibals that each other eat, the Anthropophagi and men whose heads do grow beneath their shoulders." Strange Peoples, Customs, Arts, and Cults ARE DESCRIBED IN The New Encyclopaedia Britannica (Published by the Cambridge University Press, England) By the world's best authorities from original data, embodying the results of the latest researches The scientific study of man as a creature of environment is daily revealing new facts of interest. The great mass of raw material brought together from every quarter of the earth, relating to the manner of life, the physical characteristics, the traditions, literature, arts, customs, beliefs, forms of worship, costume, speech, etc., of native peoples, is being sifted, compared, and systematized as never before, with far-reaching results. Man as a unit among the living things of the earth is being revealed to himself. In the new Encyclopedia Britannica leaders in this field of investigation-explorers, travelers, anthropologists, archaeologists, and geographers-have summed up and explained, as nowhere else, the conclusions reached at the present time from studies which are fundamental to much of our notions of the social, religious, literary, and artistic development of the race. the contributions in this department are typical of the authority, the com prehensiveness, originality, and human interest of the whole of this vast repository of up-to-date knowledge. A few articles merely in this single field-which includes also the ethnological sections in hundreds of articles on continents, regions, and countries of which no mention could be made-are noted in the following paragraphs and in the margin: Prof. E. B. TYLOR the dean of anthropologists, and practically the creator of the science, writes the article ANTHROPOLOGY (17,000 words), and sets forth the latest main conclusion of scientists concerning the relationship of man to the lower animals, the origin and antiquity of man, the classification of races, the development of languages and of civilization. Prof. A. F. CHAMBERLAIN of Clark University, in his monumental article on the NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS (48,000 words), pronounces the final word of one of the foremost students of the Indian on his tribal divisions, customs, beliefs, physical and mental characteristics, language, etc. Each tribe of any importance, fur thermore, is the subject of a separate article. Dr. WALTER LEHMANN of the Munich Ethnographical Museum, makes public for the first time in English the results of his discoveries in CENTRAL AMERICA and MEXIcO, bearing on the ancient civilization of those countries. Sir HARRY JOHNSTON the explorer, whose expedition to Lakes Nyassa and Tanganyika resulted in the founding of BRITISH CENTRAL AFRICA, writes on this and other regions of Equatorial Africa. Sir HUGH CLIFFORD British colonial secretary at Ceylon, author of "Studies in Brown Hu XIco. manity," who has spent much of his life among the people of whom he writes, contributes the picturesque article MALAYS, and in the articles BOR NEO, MALACCA, etc., presents many new and interesting facts concerning the natives of these eastern countries. ANDREW LANG the famous student of folk-lore and primitive religion, in the article TOTEMISM (17,0oo words), deals with early tribal customs and organization on the basis of original researches, and under the heading FAMILY (13,000 words) considers theo ries as to primitive marriage in the light of recently accumulated evidence regard ing savage customs. Lieut.-Col. A. WADDELL a member of the British Tibet Mission to Lhasa, and author of "Lhasa and its Mysteries," contributes of knowledge gained in personal experience to the article Tibet. Accounts dealing with general phases of the study of races and human development include such articles as: Ethnology, Anthropometry, Atavism, Brachycephalic, Prognathism, Cephalic Index, Craniometry, Creole, Dwarf, Giant, Eurasian, Indonesian, Mestizo, Mulatto, Nomad, Octoroon, Quadroon, Steatophygia. "Geographic readers may depend upon the character of our advertisers."