National Geographic : 1913 Feb
Photo by Frederick Moore THE TURK GOES OUT OF EUROPE AS HE CAME Long lines of these arabas pass daily over the bridges of the Golden Horn and are conveyed to the Asiatic shores by boat Servians and the Montenegrins, who are likewise Slavs, they are most practical. WHAT THE SLAV QUESTION MEANS When we take up the Slav question we enter at once into the politics of Eu rope. Why have the European Powers the right to interfere in Balkan affairs? It is in the first instance the right of might; but most of the Powers have also very definite reason or excuse. England, the supporter of the Turks in former years, aided them then be cause the alternative of their occupation of Constantinople seemed to be an occu pation by the Russians; and England, in spite of the present entente with France and Russia, has never ceased to guard against the Russians achieving their am bition to acquire an outlet to a southern sea. As is well known, England's perma nent policy in European affairs is to maintain a divided continent in order that she may remain supreme. She is always to be found balancing the rival European camps, thereby keeping the peace by placing her navy on the side of the weaker group. Hostile to Russia prior to the Japanese war, she now forms the Triple Entente by supporting the Franco-Russian Alliance, the Triple Al liance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy being, she believes, the present danger to European peace. Hostile to Russia when Russia's ambition was to possess Constantinople, England is now hostile to Austria-Hungary and her sup porter, Germany, who together appar ently covet the possession of Saloniki and hope for the extension of a German shaft of territory from the Baltic Sea to the AEgean. England is well satisfied that the Bal kan States are victorious in the present war, though she opposed them when she feared that they, being Slavs like the Russians, would eventually be annexed by Russia. But the three Slav States of Southeastern Europe have given very clear proof to the contrary, and as long as they desire their own liberty of action and independence Great Britain will al low her Christian sympathies to support those minor States against the Turks.