National Geographic : 1913 Feb
Photo by George C. Martin INTERIOR OF MAIN ROOM OF BARABARA AT DOUGLAS VILLAGE, SHOWING HOW THE ASH PENETRATED THE CREVICES AND CRACKS quent explosions accompanied by earth quakes during the morning, but few of these were intense enough to be noticed at a distance. It was only at Seldovia and Nushagak that these preliminary morning explosions were noted. The beginning of the violent phase of the eruption was apparently at I p. m., June 6, at which time a terrific explosion and earthquake was noted by C. L. Boudry at Cold Bay (see page 147). At the same hour a heavy cloud was seen from the steamer Dora (55 miles away) rising over Mount Katmai. This cloud was under observation from this time until it enveloped the steamer, 52 hours later. The accompanying views of the cloud were taken by John E. Thwaites, mail clerk of the Dora, just before dark ness shut down (see pages 154, 155). At 3 p. m. there was a tremendous explosion, which was heard for hundreds of miles around, and the volcano passed into a state of continuous eruption, which lasted, except for possible short inter vals, for several days. This explosion was noted at Uyak, at Iliamna Bay, at several places on Iliamna and Clark lakes, at Koggiung, and at a point 90 miles southwest of Eagle. Explosions were also heard at about this time, although no statement of the exact hour is available, at Juneau, 750 miles east, and Fairbanks, 500 miles northeast of the volcano. At Iliamna Bay the sounds were accompanied by a "sudden, quick motion of the clouds that would start and stop." It was probably at this time that the larger part of the coarse, gray ash which forms the lower stratum on the Alaska Peninsula and on Kodiak and Afognak islands was thrown in the air. This ash reached Uyak, 58 miles away, at 3.30 p. m., and Kodiak, 1oo miles from the volcano, at 5 p. m., and soon afterward complete darkness settled down over an area of several thousand square miles.