National Geographic : 1913 Sep
* 4 . .... . . . ... . - " . : . Photo from Egypt Exploration Fund A MASTABA The Mastaba is an early form of Egyptian tomb, made of brick or stone, with sides sloping inward and the roof flat. Within were three rooms: in the first was a low stone bench on which incense was -burnt and offerings made in the second was placed the serdab, orportrait figure of the deceased; behind and below these, and reached by a well-like opening, was the chamber in which theactual mummy was deposited. The name is derived from the Arabic word for the bench, which is a prominent feature in the first chamber.