National Geographic : 1913 Sep
ENTRANCE TO THE TEMPLE: ABU SIMBEL, NUBIA Over the entrance is seen the figure of the hawk-headed god Horus, but the temple was dedicated tothe great sun god ofEgypt, Amen-Ra, and was so oriented that the first rays of the morning sun entered the doorway and, illuminating the two great halls oftheinterior, fell directly upon the images of the gods in the holy of holies. By the side and between the feet of the colossi areportrait statues ofvarious members of the family of Rameses, including his wife, son, and two of his daughters. On the legs of the colossus atthe extreme left areinscriptions scratched by foreign soldiers in the Egyptian army during the reign of King Psamtik, about 6oo B. C . One of these, inGreek, isofgreat interest, being among the earliest specimens of Greek writing known to us.