National Geographic : 1913 Nov
VOL. XXIV, No. 11 WASHINGTON NOVEMBER, 1913 LIDG U4 J[ ©1LML THE NON-CHRISTIAN PEOPLES OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS With an Account of What Has Been Done for Them under American Rule By DEAN C. WORCESTER SECRETARY OV THE INTERIOR OV THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, 1901-1913 Author of "Field Sports Among the Wild Men of Luzon," with 54 illustra tions, published in the March, 1911, number; "Taal Volcano and Its Recent Destructive Eruption," with 45 illustrations,published in the April, IqI2, number, and "Head-hunters of Northern Luzon," with 103 illustrations,published in the September, 1912, number of the National GeographicMagazine. HE non-Christian peoples of the Philippine Islands constitute ap proximately an eighth of the en tire population of the islands. The terri tory which they occupy or control com prises an immense region in northern Luzon,* all but a narrow coastal strip in Mindoro, all but a few small isolated regions along the coast in the great island of Palawan, the whole interior and a con siderable part of the coast region of Min danao, extensive areas in southern Luzon and in Negros and Panay, as well as the islands of Basilan, Jolo, Siassi, Tawi Tawi, Balabac, Cagayan de Jolo, and the very numerous adjacent small islands. It is not too much to say that at the present time approximately half of the territory of the Philippine Islands is inhabited by them, so far as it is inhabited at all. * There are probably no regions in the world where within similar areas there dwell so large a number of distinct peoples as are to be found in northern Luzon and in the interior of Min danao. I desire to bring home to the readers of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE some of the more essential facts as to the division of the non-Christian inhabit ants of the Philippines into really dis tinct peoples, and to this end I shall sum marize briefly some of the important known characteristics of each, illustrating my statements, when practicable, with re productions of photographs taken either by the government photographer, Mr. Charles Martin, or by myself. Typical individuals, houses, settlements, and scenes are shown, so that the reader ob tains at a glance facts which it would be impossible to state in words within the limits of any publication smaller than a bulky monograph. In order to facilitate reference, I shall take up the several tribes in alphabetic order. In the latter part of this article, pages 1240 to 1256, an account is given of what has been done for these peoples under American rule.