National Geographic : 1914 Nov
Photo by Gilbert H. Grosvenor THE FIRST AND LAST IMPRESSION OF PETROGRAD IS THE NOBLE GOLDEN DOME OF ST. ISAAC'S WATCHING OVER THE CITY (SEE PAGE 508) THE RIVFR IN WINTER IS COVERED WITH ICE SO THICK THAT TRAM CARS RUN OVER IT One must admire the Russian for the energy he has displayed in making a seaport of Petrograd, and in developing a commerce for it almost as great as that of the city of Baltimore. The city is built on a marsh as far north as the southern tip of Greenland. Its waters freeze hard before Thanksgiving and do not melt before the end of April, and all its commerce must pass in or out by a canal from Kronstadt, 23 feet deep and 17' miles long. "With all its geographic greatness Russia is about as poor in natural outlets to the world as the smallest of the countries of the earth. Holland could be hidden in the vast reaches of the Russian plain, almost as a needle in a haystack, and yet Amsterdam alone does more international business than all the seaports of Russia together" (see pages 423-425).